The recent study has reported that India has lost 10 million girls over the last two decades. A set hierarchy prevails in all tiers of its social order, and a fanatic preference for male children is especially common in India. Public interest litigation was also file in Supreme Court by concerned health activists. Such a heinous crime starts itself from home when a brother and sister are treated in different ways, discriminating between the two even sometimes without knowing it. The practice is unlawful and demands strict punishment in form of fine or jail to the person requesting abortion of the unborn girl child as well as to the practitioner who gets the sex determined. Experience has shown that in general the role of legislation is subverting a social practice is limited.
They are eve teased by boys when found in public places or alone i. Effects of Female Foeticide, Infanticide The most profound effect of female foeticide lies in the fact that sustained female fetus abortion leads to a highly unstable sex ratio, which is the ratio of males to females. Women around the world have proved that they are equally strong and qualified for every task in the world. Why does female foeticide take place? The number of child marriage is increasing. A lot of efforts should be done. Packing and loading your possession properly is indeed important, but unpacking is equally important to safeguard your goods from any damage. Being a girl in the Indian society is a curse.
In most villages in India where female foeticide is practiced, one wife lives with many unmarried brothers. In such an environment it is very difficult to enforce a law which sought to control information that travels through informal channels and can operate secretly. Improving the socio-economic status of women. The medical termination of pregnancy act is legal and it allows for induced abortions where pregnancy carries grave injury to women's health. Some of the other reasons are the belief that it is only the son who can perform the last rites, lineage and inheritance runs through the male line, sons will look after parents in old age, men are bread winners etc. The research revealed that there is sex-imbalance in both countries, as there are more female adults than male adults in Nigeria. For this article, we conducted a spatial study at different levels in South India so as to map the abnormalities of the juvenile sex ratios; they show significant variations in discriminatory behaviours, particularly in Tamil Nadu.
Based on these, we can calculate the Gini coefficient — which ranges from 0 and 1, with a higher Gini implying greater inequality. The act was amended in 2002 and in 2003 Rules were framed by the central government under section 32 of the act. Consequently, there is marked change in the attitude of women with regard to their abilities to break all barriers in their all-round development. Right to education, health and empowerment are the fundamental rights of every Indian woman. The outcome is that there is an increasing number of maternal deaths. Salt poisioning intara uterine instillation of hyperosmotic solutions like saline? The patrilineal social structure based on the foundation that the family runs through a male and it is only the son who can perform the last rites, lineage and inheritance runs through the male line.
A strategy for sex determination and female feticide by a mobile team with portable ultrasound machines. India has always been one of the hubs of female foeticide across the globe making it rather ill famous on international platforms dealing with. Article on Female Foeticide 2 500 words Female foeticide is a crime against women as it debars them to take birth. The horrible illegal practice of female foeticide has to be stopped by harsh laws and change in the mind-set of the people. Change in the air But gradually, the winds of change have started blowing across the society as girls are doing exceptionally well in various professions, bringing a sense of pride and recognition to their families, cities and nation. Causes of Female Foeticide, Infanticide There are several causes behind the abusive practice of female foeticide. The people of this country need to understand that every action has a reaction.
They sometimes have to take loans that are paid even by the future generations. Gradually, however, the outlook of society towards the girl child is beginning to change with women proving their worth in all professions, many of which were earlier considered to be the exclusive domains of men. This bias may at times be so exemplified so as to usher family members to kill or abort the female infant or foetus rather than holding responsibility of their happy lives. Details of about 11,200 machines from all these companies and fed into a common data base. Disturbing statistics According to 2011 Census, the birth of girls was pegged at 914. These were given parliamentary approval.
Therefore female infanticide is the inhuman killing of the baby girl after she is born. The Sec-23 3 of the Indian Penal Code, says that any person who seeks the aid of a genetic counselling centre, pathological labs, and gynaecologists for pre-natal sex determination upon the pregnant women shall be punishable with imprisonment for 3 years and a fine of Rupees 10,000. The observation of the National inspection and Monitoring Commission confirm this situation and endorse the need for stricter enforcement of laws. Unfortunately, some unscrupulous medical practitioners are also found to be increasingly involved in the illegal trade of carrying out sex-determination tests and later complying with the wishes of the parents for abortion of the foetus, if it is found out to be female. Such is the double standards of our society. We need to empower girls in every sense of the term — educational, social, economic and political so that Indian families learn to practice no-discrimination with regard to the gender of their child. The parents of the girl child do not realise that they will have to make equal efforts in rearing and settling their child irrespective of gender.
There is increasing trend of the misuse of the pre-natal technologies which are used to determine pre-birth deficiencies or infirmities in a child. Essay, Speech on and 4. One of the reasons for the growth of population in India is the desire for a son. Let us discuss below the effects of female foeticide in India: Skewed sex ratio: According to 2011 census, the child sex ratio in India was 919 females to 1000 males, which declined from 927 females to 1000 males in the previous decade. Growing menace of Female Foeticide: The social, cultural and religious fiber of India is pre-dominantly patriarchal contributing extensively to the secondary status of women. The natural ratio of boys to girls at birth is assumed to be between 103 to 107, and any number above it is considered as suggestive of female foeticide. It is only in the long run that the acute and scary consequences would start showing themselves.