In Indian perspective, regionalism denotes a proclamation of different ethnic, linguistic or economic interests by various groups within the nation. The scarcity of technical know-how, corruption, deteriorating law and order situation have created a dismal mosaic of politico-economic life in the nation. Even after a decade, it is unfortunate that starvation is still claiming lives in India, a country which takes pride in being a self-sufficient nation in food production. In spite of the efforts of the Congress to stop regionalism, the vastness and the diversity of the cultures within our country prevented it. The most extreme form of regionalism, which doesn't happen very often, is the call for secession. Enforced uniformity in a huge country like India would be sheer-folly.
While positive regionalism is a welcome thing in so far maintaining as it encourages the people to develop a sense of brotherhood and commonness on the basis of common language, religion or historical background. Each individual, by and large, carries a split personality. In India, this takes on a particular dimension where many people identify more powerfully with their region than the nation. Regionalism must not be allowed to become a shield for militancy, extremism, establishing a reign of terror and carrying on other anti-national activities. This gives the political parties absolutely no reason to accuse them of stealing anything, or criticizing their language and culture, or for that matter, instigating violence against them.
Amidst the amazing diversities, it is natural that regional feelings, regional parties, regional institutions and similar other organizations meant for voicing the aspirations of local people and providing forums for them, should emerge. Power and authority must be shared on an equitable basis between the Centre and the constituent units, of the Indian Federation. It is the gift of regionalism and the regional parties that in 1990s we experienced a restless polity in India. Of course, firmness is necessary when regionalism, assumes militant forms, as it has done in Punjab m the form of operation Blue Star and Operation Thunder, where in recent years certain groups of misguided youth started running a parallel government and creating chaos. It is not possible to indicate exactly any particular factor, which has been solely responsible for the phenomenon of regionalism. The Centre's indifference to the development of certain regions has created imbalances.
In fact, even the Dravidian movement for many years demanded a separate nation out of India, which fialed due to the jingoism unleashed by China's war with India. The several components in this category are not only important individually but also in conjuction with each other. In places, where there is extreme poverty, starvation then becomes an involuntary condition. Gradually the feeling or regionalism was originated in South India. It was during the era of 1980s that Khalistan movement with its aim to create a Sikh homeland, often called Khālistān, cropped up in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. Critical Evaluation: It is because of these factors that the polity has inevitably been flooded with demands for autonomy, statehood or even secession. They give place to the regional problems in their election manifesto and promise for political and regional development.
Proper Education: Education can play an important role for the promotion of national integration. The successful protests include those which were raised by the hill people of Uttar Pradesh, which delivered to them a new state called Uttaranchal now Uttarakhand , and the tribal and other residents of the Chhotanagpur Plateau, whose claim from a reluctant Bihar was the state of Jharkhand for which they had been fighting from well before Independence. However, sometimes it has also taken the form of bloodshade, as evident in the attacks on Bihari labourers by the Ulfa cadre, in which the belief rests that only Assamese speakers have the right to live in Assam. Suggestive Measures for the elimination of regionalism: 1. This is more so because of the linguistic distribution along geographical boundaries. Even Udupi restaurants were torched, and offices and factories threatened not to employ south Indians in their establishments. Since ideologies are no respecters of geographical boundaries, they also check the exclusiveness of regional identities.
Thus this movement falls more in the category of a separatist movement, imbibing the characteristics of regionalism. What are they trying to achieve? This is more so because of the linguistic distribution along geographical boundaries. The categorization and sub-categorization of the states on the basis of socio-economic indicators have generated resentment against the central leadership. Tendency of people to feel more affinity to their territory, language, culture and social habits is called regionalism. A major hindrance in fighting starvation in India is the lack of proper implementation of government schemes which are directed towards providing food for one and all.
Regionalism is a national doctrine focusing on the advancement of a federal or social arrangement which is based on one or more provinces which regulate financial advantages of a distinct region or the community of regions. Several parties have been existing in the country for the last many decades. Most regionalists want the majority of governing to happen at the regional generally state level, rather than at the national level. Killing of North Indians in Maharashtra and Assam recently is nothing but a move for political gains. Quite often some political leaders encourage the feeling of regionalism to maintain their hold over a particular area or group of people. According to the Constitution of India, an Indian citizen is free to move around and settle down peacefully any part of the country. The first meaning of regionalism pertains to the international level, where it refers to transnational cooperation to meet a common goal or to resolve a shared problem.
The resources Industries, soil irrigating etc. This can be benevolent, as in evident in form or pretensions of the Bengali Bhadralok, who claim that their literature, music, dress and cuisine are superior to others in India. Some of the most important the causes of regionalism in India are as follows: i Geographical Factor ii Historical and Cultural Factors iii Caste and Region iv Economic Factors i Geographical Factor: The territorial orientation based on geographical boundaries relate to the inhabitants of a particular region which are symbolic, at least in the Indian context. This is more so because of the linguistic distribution along geographical boundaries. Neither of the two main political party and is able to form a government single handedly, either in centre or in the states.
It is not possible to indicate exactly any particular factor, which has been solely responsible for the phenomenon of regionalism. Language: Among the cultural forces, language has assumed a significant role in India today. But, this bill also is not without its cons. With thesame effect, the states of the South began to resist the imposition of Hindi asan official languageas they feared this would lead to dominance of the North. Some of the most important the causes of regionalism in India are as follows: i Geographical Factor ii Historical and Cultural Factors iii Caste and Region iv Economic Factors v Political-Administrative Factors. In this way the groups have gradually acquired individually and uniqueness in different degrees which is more perceptible and understood in terms of intra-regional comparisons. The demand for the state it autonomy has also been raised by the regions within some states of the Indian Federation Secession from the union.