At the beginning of the 1800s, Latin America was firmly under the control of Spain and Portugal. In which John Green wraps up revolutions month with what is arguably the most revolutionary of modern revolutions, the Industrial Revolution. All the talk of liberty, equality, and fraternity sounds pretty good to a person in bondage, and so the slaves rebelled. Learn how Spain managed to destroy the two biggest pre-Columbian civilizations, mine a mountain made of silver, mishandle their economy, and lose it all by the mid-1700s. The Crash Course Poster, number 1 of 3 in the beautiful, awesome poster series is available here: While you're there, why not pick up a Mongols t-shirt? Learn about how we got from the British East India Company to iPhones and consumer culture in just a couple of hundred years. The Estates General was like a super parliament made up of representatives from the First Estate, the nobles, the Second Estate, the clergy, and the Third Estate, everyone else. In addition to all this, you'll learn about ancient sports riots and hipster barbarians, too.
All of this and more contributed to the French Revolution not being quite as revolutionary as it could have been. And it granted him almost unlimited executive power under yet another constitution. As is his custom, John ties the Silk Road to modern life, and the ways that we get our stuff today. John Green teaches you about the so-called Dark Ages, which it turns out weren't as uniformly dark as you may have been led to believe. It turns out, our old friends the Mongols had quite a lot to do with unifying Russia.
More than 500 years later, we still have autocratic leadership in Russia. Exactly how and why Captain Cook was killed in Hawaii is a long-running historical debate. Here's a hint: it had something to do with Julius Caesar, but maybe less than you think. And they agreed not to give up until a French constitution was established. Only the most radical wing, the Jacobins, called for the creation of a republic. In which John Green teaches you about the Crusades embarked upon by European Christians in the 12th and 13th centuries. Is greatness a question of accomplishment, of impact, or are people great because the rest of us decide they're great? Along the way, John manages to cover advances in seafaring technology, just how the monsoons work, and there's even a disembowelment for you Fangoria fans.
So they renamed all the months and decided that every day would have 10 hours and each hour 100 minutes. And as a result, the Assembly voted to suspend the monarchy, have new elections in which everyone could vote as long as they were men , and create a new republican constitution. Hank introduces us to that great mathematical mind, Alan Turing, who, as an openly gay man in the early 20th century faced brutal prejudice that eventually led to his suicide, despite being a genius war hero who helped the Allies defeat the Nazis. But things were about to get much more revolutionary - and also worse for France. Do our rights derive from nature or from God or from neither? David Duez Room 1210 - Red House 2 Mr. Easily accessible coal, it turns out. In which John Green teaches you about the beginning of the so-called Age of Discovery.
John covers the soft revolution of Brazil, in which Prince Pedro boldly seized power from his father, but promised to give it back if King João ever returned to Brazil. The Seven Years War was a global war, fought on five continents, which is kind of a lot. What better way to settle this question than with a knock-down, drag-out, no holds barred, old-fashioned battle royal? Although freedom was breaking out all over, many of the societies that were touting these ideas relied on slave labor. The Seven Years war determined the direction of the British Empire, and led pretty directly to the subject of Episode 28, the American Revolution. Learn about hadiths, Abu Bakr, and whether the Umma has anything to do with Uma Thurman spoiler alert: it doesn't.
. This set the stage for the various Ivans the Great and the Terrible to throw off the yoke and form a pan-Russian nation ruled by an autocratic leader. In which John Green teaches you, at long last, about the most exceptional bunch of empire-building nomads in the history of the world, the Mongols! Together, the Ottoman Empire and Venice grew wealthy by facilitating trade: The Venetians had ships and nautical expertise; the Ottomans had access to many of the most valuable goods in the world, especially pepper and grain. In which John, having discovered an inevitable mistake in The Fault in Our Stars, discusses his list of the five worst typographical errors and grammatical mistakes in the history of the English language, from the Bible to Shakespeare. While native people, plants, and animals were being displaced in the Americas, the rest of the world was benefitting from American imports, especially foods like maize, tomatoes, potatoes, pineapple, blueberries, sweet potatoes, and manioc. And in what became known as the Women's March, a bunch of armed peasant women stormed the palace and demanded that Louis and Marie Antoinette move from Versailles to Paris.
And then Louis encouraged the Prussians, which made him look like an enemy of the revolution, which, of course, he was. Learn how capitalism arose from the industrial revolution, and then gave rise to socialism. In which John Green teaches you about the fall of the Roman Empire, which happened considerably later than you may have been told. Columbus gets a bad rap from many modern historians, but it turns out he was pretty important as far as the history of the world goes. Watch this video and find out.
But I will remind you, you did not take the dying out of execution. In which John Green teaches you the history of Christianity, from the beginnings of Judaism and the development of monotheism, right up to Paul and how Christianity stormed the Roman Empire in just a few hundred years. In which you are introduced to the life and accomplishments of Alexander the Great, his empire, his horse Bucephalus, the empires that came after him, and the idea of Greatness. In some parts of the world, it is still going on. American slavery ended less than 150 years ago.
John investigates when and where slavery originated, how it changed over the centuries, and how Europeans and colonists in the Americas arrived at the idea that people could own other people based on skin color. John explores Hinduism and the origins of Buddhism. John goes over the issues and events that precipitated rebellion in Britain's American colonies, and he also explores the ideas that laid the groundwork for the new American democracy. In which John relates a condensed history of India, post-Indus Valley Civilization. John weaves a tale of swashbuckling adventure, replete with trade in books, ivory, and timber. At this point, France was still at war with Austria and Britain, wars that France ended up winning, largely thanks to a little corporal named Napoleon Bonaparte. John not only cover the the West African Malian Empire, which is the one Mansa Musa ruled, but he discusses the Ghana Empire, and even gets over to East Africa as well to discuss the trade-based city-states of Mogadishu, Mombasa, and Zanzibar.