Statisticians apply statistical thinking and methods to a wide variety of scientific, social, and business endeavors in such areas as astronomy, biology, education, economics, engineering, genetics, marketing, medicine, psychology, public health, sports, among many. Phenomenologists believe that they can be studied in order to discover how they are produced. There may be much variation between the two. The term statistics may refer to more than one statistic, but it can also refer to the discipline of statistics as part of mathematics and science. As many sociologists have noted this provides considerable scope for a lack of validity to creep into official statistics.
Is the data that you have collected from a reliable. Research is defined as any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement… 5114 Words 21 Pages This essay is going to analyse the use of focus groups as a research method in modern day social sciences. Two main sources of official statistics are the government and its departments, and surveys. It is possible to generalise from official crime statistics given their large scale nature. The investigator often a clinical sociologist sometimes uses self-report measures to acquire quantifiable data on the subject.
Sociologists cannot find meanings nor gain insight about sociological topics of interest through the use of official statistics. As they are unable to give complete solution to a problem, the result must be taken and used with much wisdom. A statistic is a numerical quantity or value that is obtain from a set of data. Market research helps you minimize risks. You can create logic flows; in which is a method used to make the reading easier for the reader.
Thus, individual terms as death of 6 persons in a accident, 85% results of a class of a school in a particular year, will not amount to statistics as they are not placed in a group of similar items. Not all crime is reported and the police definition and categories of criminal offences can distort things. The size of the sample also tends to increase the representivity of the statistics. Statistics plural is the count of something added to or com … pared to the count of something else. Non-Parametric statistics are statistics where it is not assumed that the population fits any parametrized distributions. However, although they think that official statistics are not social facts, but social constructs, this does not mean they are not of sociological interest. The British crime survey generate their statistics by conducting a household survey of individuals experience of crime.
The is a good example of this. Once you have your research result, you will have enough knowledge on how to have the best communication with your customers and those potential ones on what their likes and dislikes and this can be a way to attract them with a new product tailored just for them. Secondary is anything that is a second. For example the Home Office Crime Rates Statistics do not take into account the fact that not all crime is reported. Therefore 'B' items are intergroup items. Official crime statistics follow a positivist approach, assuming that crime is a static fact to observe and measure. Official statistics are based on certain definitions that are familiar to society.
Structured interviews are a standardised means of research; this is because they use the same set of questions for everyone. Ethnomethodology refers to the use of Interpretivist Methods and Procedures. For some topics, therefore, secondary research is the only. The final step is to draw a conclusion s Cowens, 2006. A case study will also be reviewed in order to describe the use of focus groups; furthermore the case study would be critically discussed in order to reflect on the success or the failure of the study. They also tend to be well organised and planned when researched, so the standards of sociological research can be met.
The majority of sociologists could probably not afford to carry out such vast research. One protection against the problem of reliability in crime statistics is awareness - knowing that the problem exists. Official statistics can be produced as a by-product of the normal workings of a government department, but they can also result from research designed specifically to produce them. Another factor which must be considered when interpreting official statistics is that because official statistics are usually produced by the government, they may be politically biased, for example to show that their policies are having the predicted effect. Not only in a psychological sense, but a physiological sense too. Structured interviews also have a very high response rate.
We can do this in the way of scientific method. Still, some data must be check by people. Again, like questionnaires and social surveys, the data can be manipulated to support or reject a hypothesis; for example by the way the data is collected and categorised. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website! Words: 732 - Pages: 3. It should be noted that statistics as a subject is mathematical in character. For example, recent rises in crime have persuaded the government to introduce restorative justice programmes bringing offenders and victims together.
Who knew that this concept is a large chunk of a newfound science that is called psychology? The majority of sociologists could probably not afford to carry out such vast research. A main plus is that official statistics are often compiled from data which has been gathered from a large sample size. For example the Home Office Crime Rates Statistics do not take into account the fact that not all crime is reported. It is used to establish facts rather than opinions. They cannot be generalised to other statistics depending on the subjective topic. Observation, guess, observation again in detail, making changes to the situation or process to test that guess is something that every human uses when meeting new people, driving a car, deciding what to buy at the store, etc.