Government was specifically limited to a handful of finite responsibilities. He first made a name for himself in the courtroom where he prosecuted the leading statesmen, Cimon, for accepting bribes in exchange… 1705 Words 7 Pages By definition, democracy is a type of political system in which all members share the same level of power, but it is also the framework for the government of multiple countries including the United States of America. It would not make sense to have all the citizens drop what they were doing each day to meet and discuss daily business. The public opinion of voters was remarkably influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theatres. Those charged with misleading the demos were put on trial, including the author of the motion to try the generals together. The Athenian Democracy in the age of Demosthenes. The city-state of Athens, 5th century Athens to be precise, is the inventor and first practitioner of democracy.
The people own the government agencies. Anything higher had to go before a court. A case can be made that discriminatory lines came to be drawn more sharply under Athenian democracy than before or elsewhere, in particular in relation to women and slaves, as well as in the line between citizens and non-citizens. Cleisthenes transferred the power of the government from the wealthy landowners to the citizens of Athens. Although a generic term for leaders, archons were the leading magistrates of Athens who were tasked with making huge civil and military decisions. The boule also served as an executive committee for the assembly, and oversaw the activities of certain other magistrates.
People had their names written on metal tags and placed in the slots, and then a selection of black and white balls were poured down the side. The jury could only cast a 'yes' or 'no' vote as to the guilt and sentence of the defendant. But even Cleisthenes could not bring full change to Athens, and old institutions of the rich aristoi still existed, such as the areopagus. Hobbes was on the side of government. He commissioned a from the in honor of the and , whom Hippias had executed. Cleisthenes emerged amid economic and political crises that created unrest between rivaling aristocratic families.
Isagoras and his supporters were forced to flee to the , remaining besieged there for two days. However, in the case of Rhodes, its long history of conquests and unfortunate alliances caused a decline in its democracy. This principle extended down to the secretaries and undersecretaries who served as assistants to magistrates such as the archons. Any citizen could speak to the assembly and vote on decisions by simply holding up their hands. A democracy is direct government ruled by the majority mob rule.
For a small category of votes, a quorum of 6,000 was required, principally grants of citizenship, and here small coloured stones were used, white for yes and black for no. A History of the Athenian Constitution. Both of these processes were in most cases brief and formulaic, but they opened up the possibility of a contest before a jury court if some citizen wanted to take a matter up. In California, the Government Code sides with Locke. Just as one oligarchy or individual cannot know what is best,the majority of a large group cannot decide by vote what is besteither.
The Areopagus kept its power as 'Guardian of the Laws', which meant that it could veto actions it deemed unconstitutional, however this worked in practice. The Persians threatened to attack Athens if they did not accept Hippias. The reforms led to tribal cohesiveness that further weakened the aristocrats. Cleisthenes completely 1544 Words 7 Pages This research paper uncovers the study of modernization and how it correlates to political development towards democracy. Illustrating the esteem in which democratic government was held, there was even a divine personification of the ideal of democracy, the goddess Demokratia. This is actually the birthplace of democracy, where instead of the rich or powerful ruling, it was the citizens of the city-state that held the power. Local governance was organized within each deme, and each deme would send popularly elected representatives to participate in a national legislative body.
Democracy first appeared in Athens towards the beginning of the fifth century B. Of the 250,000 inhabitants only some 30,000 on average were citizens. Only the first 6,000 to arrive were admitted and paid, with the red rope now used to keep latecomers at bay. They were mostly , with a much smaller and more prestigious group of about 100. Democracy means government by the people. In a similar way its war with Persia was romantic.
There were, without doubt, many others around the world who lived by the principles of democracy at that time - and all time. Such a system owes more to the British tradition than the ancient Greek example. In the struggle for power that followed the fall of the tyranny, Cleisthenes failed to impose his leadership, and in 508 Isagoras, the leader of the more reactionary nobles, was elected chief archon. This allowed Athens to practice the forms of democracy, though Rome ensured that the constitution strengthened the city's aristocracy. This is called an oligarchy rule by the few.