Following the Emergency Banking Relief Act, Roosevelt and his advisors crafted a deluge of legislation, which Congress passed with few alterations. Housing funds were allocated for over a half million low income families, but the initiative was obstructed by entrenched interests in real estate and construction who felt that government-sponsored, low-income housing would interfere with their livelihood. Townsend argued that his plan would help the economy as older people would be compelled to surrender their positions to the younger unemployed and the spending of the pension money would produce a demand for goods and services that would create still more jobs. Roosevelt and the Democrats were worried about the outcome of the mid-term elections in November, 1934. Term Memorial Day massacre of 1937 Definition Police shot and killed ten demonstrators in Chicago, on May 30, 1937.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. He first appealed to the Roosevelt administration and was rebuffed. Coughlin was removed from the Radio when his show began to become to Anti-Semitic. In addition to the natural forces of drought and wind, the Dust Bowl of the 1930s was also caused by a. His idea was to end the Depression through consumer spending by way of ending poverty among the elderly. Republicans, New Englanders, and Old Immigrants.
These ideas were especially appealing to workers struggling to organize and collectively negotiate for humane working conditions and a living wage. On the other hand, this court-packing challenge must have sounded something of a wake-up call to the justices, who began to view Roosevelt's programs in a more sympathetic light. Enter your email address to subscribe and receive notifications of new updates by email. Term Social Security Act Definition One of the most important features of the Second New Deal established a retirement for persons over 65 funded by a tax on wages paid equally by employee and employer. Another helpful feature of unemployment insurance is the incentive it will give to employers to plan more carefully in order that unemployment may be prevented by the stabilizing of employment itself. Crowds were either hostile or apathetic toward the measures Hoover had taken and the dangers he perceived in Roosevelt's aggressive approach to spending and relief.
Originally the plan did not cover self-employed persons, though that provision soon changed. Townsend developed his own proposal for a generous elderly pension plan, called the Townsend Plan, which turned out to be too good to be true. Named after its sponsor, New York Senator Robert F. Roosevelt suggested that the age was a major problem as six of the judges were over 70. Father Charles Coughlin was a Catholic priest from Michigan who began broadcasting his views on the radio in 1930.
These thrifty people have seen onehalf of their retirement benefits wiped out by the Roosevelt inflation that has cut the purchasing power of the dollar in two. The provisions of the act also encouraged states to deal with social problems. During the First World War he joined the Army Medical Corps as a doctor. The pressure increased when Townsend handed in to President a petition supporting the Old Age Revolving Pension Plan that had been signed by over 20 million people. Term Walter Philip Reuther Definition An American labor union leader, who made the United Automobile Workers a major force not only in the auto industry but also in the Democratic Party in the mid 20th century. Farmers and homeowners were also in desperate need of assistance. In addition, labor felt its bargaining impact blunted in not being able to threaten a strike.
Relief, recovery, and reform were the goals of the New Deal legislation that was passed from 1933 through 1935. Francis Townsend attacked it as unfair to the elderly. In November, 1935, , the only candidate to support the Townsend Plan in a field of five, won the Republican primary in Mitchigan's Third Congressional District with 13,419 votes; his nearest opponent polled only 4,806 votes. Org web experience team, please use our contact form. On 2nd February, 1937, Roosevelt made a speech attacking the Supreme Court for its actions over legislation.
Long was the most direct Democrat challenge to Roosevelt, speaking against Roosevelt and using his Share our Wealth plan as a basis for his Presidential platform 2. After Townsend contracted as an infant, the Townsend family moved to where Townsend had two years of high school education. This was absurd, but the episode threw a chill over his proposals for additional New Deal programs. In no other welfare system in the world did the state shirk all responsibility for old-age indigency and insist that funds be taken out of the current earnings of workers. Then, at the age of 66 and wanting to retire, Townsend grew increasingly indignant over the plight of the large number of poverty-stricken old people like himself. Roosevelt hoped to gain immediate Relief and Recovery, while creating long lasting Reform.
If liberal government continues over another ten years we ought to be contemporary somewhere in the late Nineteen Forties. With the election of a Democratic Congress and president, the Progressives and their liberal heirs were quick to link the economic disaster of the depression with what they saw as social ills. The government also bought surpluses and destroyed them, to the chagrin of people who could not afford food. A retired doctor who had been reduced to poverty by the troubles of the depression, Dr. Brain trust began as a term for a group of close advisers to a political candidate or incumbent, prized for their expertise in particular fields. The following month, Townsend's partner, , decided to resign.
He argued that evolution should be taught in schools. The vice-president and twelve officials at national headquarters resigned. We might as well take a child from the nursery, give him a nurse, and protect him from every experience that life affords. In no other welfare system in the world did the state shirk all responsibility for old-age indigency and insist that funds be taken out of the current earnings of workers. President Roosevelt focused on Relief Recovery and Reform, hoping to halt the depression, recover and strengthen, and then reform the United States to prevent future Collapses. Conditions were so dry that the especially hard-hit areas of eastern Colorado and western Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska were called the Dust Bowl.
Helped set up the framework for modern Welfare. The pension would be sent to every retired citizen age 60 or older, to be paid for by a form of a national sales tax of 2% on all business transactions with the stipulation that each pensioner would be required to spend the money within 30 days. After that business quickly failed, Townsend worked for Robert Earl Clements in. Mead was an Anthropologist of United States lineage. In some districts the Townsend Plan was the chief political issue, and men supporting it were elected to Congress.