Austria-Hungary blamed the Serbian government for the assassination and would soon declare war on Serbia. The Germans advanced to Paris and besieged the city, where the Prussian Kaiser was crowned the monarch of a united Germany in Versailles. The alliance ended the diplomatic isolation of France and undermined the supremacy of the in Europe. Most wars that have happened in human history did not just happen overnight. During the 1880's Russia was borrowing up to 2 million francs every year from the French, so an alliance would hopefully secure the very important financial support needed by the very backward Russian economy at that time. The efforts of these troops proved unavailing, however, and they were at length driven into Switzerland, where they were disarmed and interned. Great Britain had initially favored Germany over France changed course and their relationship with France grew stronger while Germany also grew stronger and in 1904 France and Britain signed the Entente Cordiale which was an agreement but not a formal military alliance.
France became concerned when a Prussian Prince named Leopold of Hohenzollern became a candidate for the throne of Spain. Most wars are the result of years of tension and posturing on two sides ultimately ending up in conflict. All German forces were under the supreme command of William, with the great strategist Helmuth Karl Bernhard, Graf von Moltke, as his chief of staff. Leading up to the war, the two countries had experienced decades of tension. In 1881, Germany and Austria-Hungary strengthened their bond by forming the Triple Alliance with Italy.
The French government, alarmed at the possibility of a Prusso-Spanish alliance resulting from the occupancy of the Spanish throne by a member of the Hohenzollern dynastic family, threatened Prussia with war if Leopold's candidacy was not withdrawn. Ways and means of corresponding in time of war shall be studied and worked out in advance. This alliance would not last long due to tensions between Russia and Austria in the Balkans leading to the Russo-Turkish War of 1877, and having to choose between Russia and Austria, Germany chose Austria a country to which they held close historical ties as Austria was also a German state. The Franco Prussian War The Franco-Prussian War, was a war in 1870-1871 lost by France to the German states under the leadership of Prussia. Lesson Summary Let's review the key terms in this lesson. Those darker forces included nationalism and alliance systems that would help fuel the Great War or World War I. If Russia is attacked by Germany, or by Austria supported by Germany, France shall employ all her available forces to attack Germany.
Germany was now placed in the position that if they had to engage in a war with France it would have to be a two front war as they would also have to fight Russia on the Eastern Front. The underlying causes of the conflict were the determination of the Prussian statesman Prince Otto Edward Leopold von Bismarck to unify Germany under Prussian control and, as a step toward this goal, to eliminate French influence over Germany. The secret with was allowed to expire in 1890, despite Russian requests to renew it. Throughout the nineteenth century, tensions periodically flared between France and some of the Germanic states on its eastern border. Germany was facing the possibility of a war with both France and England but the crisis would be solved with France agreeing to give portions of its territory in the French Congo to Germany. Germany and France began to gather allies in the belief that one day that there would be another Franco-German war. The Franco-Prussian War laid the foundation for the First World War.
The formal capitulation of Paris took place on January 28, following which an armistice of three weeks was arranged. However, this treaty lasted only until 1890, when it was allowed to lapse by the government that replaced Bismarck. This became known as the Ems telegram. Tensions between Germany and France remained at high levels and Europe was close to exploding with a war due to the Franco-German tensions. The Dual Alliance promised that the parties would aid each other if Russia attacked them or if Russia assisted another power at war with either nation. The Unification of Germany officially took place on January 18, 1871, when the princes of the Germanic states gathered in Versailles' Hall of Mirrors to proclaim the establishment of the German Empire, also known as the German Reich.
Germany wanted to invade Italy to unite Germans living within Italy. The French believed their highly professional army would achieve a swift and decisive victory against the upstart Prussians. Ways and means of corresponding in time of war shall be studied and worked out in advance. When Austria's and his wife , in a way that led to full-scale war within weeks. In the 19th Century, people of the same nationality united under one border. Germany feared that Great Britain would form an alliance with France. A large French army was assembled and advanced to break the German siege at Metz.
The terms were loose but tied both nations to supporting each other should they be involved in a war. To preserve secrecy, it was necessary to bypass discussion and ratification by the French Parliament, the alliance being formalized through an exchange of letters Dec. The available forces to be employed against Germany shall be, on the part of France, 1,300,000 men, on the part of Russia, 700,000 or 800,000 men. Russia entered into an agreement with France in 1892, spelled out in the Franco-Russian Military Convention. These forces shall engage to the full with such speed that Germany will have to fight simultaneously on the East and on the West.
As a result of the Franco-Prussian War, the French government put in place a universal military training system in preparations for a rematch down the road with Germany. If France is attacked by Germany, or by Italy supported by Germany, Russia shall employ all her available forces to attack Germany. In 1879 Germany formed the Dual Alliance with Austria-Hungary, and three years later Italy joined the Dual Alliance and the Alliance became known as the Triple Alliance. To solely blame one country or one single act for the cause of World War One is wrong as there are more than one country involved and more than one event that caused World War One. Written in December 2008 World War 1 broke out in the summer of 1914 and it was at the time one of the bloodiest and largest conflicts in human history and it had far reaching effects on the future of not just Europe but the entire world. Shortly after the unification of Germany, Germany annexed the iron-rich French region of Alsace-Lorraine. Rising nationalism of European nations, economic and imperial completion, and fear of the war prompted alliances and increase of armed forces.
However, the growing power of Germany eventually led to the formation of two opposing alliances. If any member found itself at war with two or more nations at once, the alliance would come to their aid. This created tension contributing to the outbreak of war. These revolutions have often resulted in significant political, economic, and social change. By 1914, Europe's six major powers were split into two alliances that would form the warring sides in. By this treaty, France the loser : a ceded to Germany the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine rich in coal and iron and inhabited by many French people ; b agreed to pay Germany a huge war indemnity; c consented to military occupation until the indemnity was paid.
This antagonistic rivalry was perhaps the most significant factor in the outbreak of the First World War. So basically France was no dummy, and could see that over the course of the nineteenth century the Germanic states were increasingly gaining power. The 1870-71 war resulted in two mutually hostile powers in Europe, and this was to lead to two rival alliances on the continent ultimately. The letter was printed on the front page of the newspaper, and caused a stir in France and abroad. France and Russia shall not conclude peace separately. Britain, France, and Russia formed the Triple Entente, while Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy joined in the Triple Alliance. Conclusion The Franco-Prussian War decisively changed the balance of power in Europe.