So in order to continue pressuring the government, Gandhi announced on 24 April a planned nonviolent raid on the salt works at Dharasana, just 25 miles south of Dandi. The demonstrators went in their hundreds to prison, but always there were more to take their place. Scores of the injured had received no treatment for hours and two had died. It outlawed the Indian National Congress, and imposed strict censorship on Indian media and even private correspondence, but to no avail. The decided to continue with the proposed plan of action.
It was also a good choice because it did not alienate Congress moderates while simultaneously being an issue of enough importance to mobilize a mass following. Not only did it get national and international recognition, it also shook the Britishers with its non-violent nature. Some of the most widespread methods were defying the salt laws, withholding taxes, and boycotting foreign cloth. On April 23, 1930, Ghaffar Khan was arrested. They went down like ninepins. In alone, 1600 women were imprisoned in the way of supporting the breaking of the salt law.
These recommendations profoundly disappointed all parties. Later, Motilal Nehru gifted Anand Bhavan, their ancestral house at Allahabad, to the nation. The resistance to authority in South Africa was well advanced before I got the essay of Thoreau on civil disobedience. Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who had gone to Borsad to prepare the villagers so as to accord Gandhiji and the satyagrahis a fitting welcome when they passed through the district, was arrested at Ras on March 7. This refusal of the salt law made a wave of enthusiasm swept the country.
Most of the Indian shops gave this undertaking. Gandhiji, staff in hand, frail, but full of energy even at the age of 61, led the 78 satyagrahis. Western pacifists have so far proved ineffective because they have thought that war can be resisted by mere propaganda, conscientious objection, and organization for settling disputes. Gandhi and his supporters would launch more protests in the 1930s and 40s and endure even more stints behind bars, and Indian independence would have to wait until 1947—only months before Gandhi was shot dead by a militant Hindu. He studied law in England but seemed too diffident to become a successful lawyer. Being arrested for civil disobedience shifted from a stigma to an honor in many circles, laying the groundwork for future campaigns. The whole concept of Satyagraha Satya is truth which equals love, and agraha is force; Satyagraha, therefore, means truth force or love force was profoundly significant to me.
The Salt Tax essentially made it illegal to sell or produce salt, allowing a complete British monopoly. In this following paper, we will be examining the underlying sources of Gandhi's Satyagraha, where he drew inspiration for his philosophies on non-violence, and finally, we will take a look at the application of Satyagraha in terms of the Indian liberation. Besides Hindus, there were among them two Muslims, one Christian and two Harijans. He understood that the salt tax impacted every person in India directly, whether they were , or Sikh, and was more easily understood than complex questions of constitutional law or land tenure. The Salt March was a collective beginning of a mass resistance movement against the British tyranny. By encouraging all Indians to defy the Salt Laws by manufacturing and selling salt themselves, Gandhi argued, Indians could collectively challenge the authority of the Raj. The railway workers joined the demonstration.
But there was another level that had deeper, more profound implications and gave the event a unique significance. The King of England presided over the conference, opened on November 12, 1930. On March 12, 1930, a group of Indian independence protesters began to march from Ahmedabad, to the sea coast at Dandi some 390 kilometers 240 miles away. They commenced savagely kicking the seated men in the abdomen and testicles. In August 1931, Gandhi sailed to England to attend the next Roundtable conference as the sole representative of Congress. Mahatma Gandhi with Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. On the other hand, the Indian-owned mills which had given the pledge were working double shifts.
In response to the ongoing civil disobedience campaign, the British colonial government arrested and imprisoned over 60,000 people. They took a hand full of seawater and boiled it to produce salt. The satyagraha teachings of Gandhi and the March to Dandi had a significant influence on American civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Jr. Mahatma Gandhi walked from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, Gujarat to get himself some salt, and hordes of Indians followed him. Finally, on 6th April 1930, Gandhi arrived Dandi, picked up a handful of salt in order to broke the Salt Law. . With the arrest of Gandhiji the salt satyagraha ended but it had a huge impact on the freedom struggle.
In his words: Truth satya implies love, and firmness agraha engenders. As although the salt laws would stay in place, the government would not interfere with small-scale manufacture for domestic use. The Salt March to Dandi, concluding with the making of illegal salt by Gandhi on April 6, 1930, launched a nationwide protest against the British salt tax. And love of truth that scorches and love of freedom that inspires. The 60-year-old expected to be arrested or even beaten during the journey, but the British feared a public backlash and elected not to quash the march.
New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. An important feature of the civil disobedience programme was a no-tax campaign. From where I stood, I heard sickening whacks of the clubs on unprotected skulls… Those struck down fell sprawling, unconscious or writhing in pain with fractured skulls or broken shoulders. Also, its non-violent nature made it difficult for them to suppress it violently. Towards the end of 1930, the civil disobedience campaign began to wane. I expect extensive popular response to the resolution of the Working Committee of the Indian National Congress. Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict.
History Salt Satyagraha - History Of Ancient, Medieval And Modern India. You will be beaten but you must not resist, you must not even raise a hand to ward off blows. I regard this tax to be the most iniquitous of all from the poor man's standpoint. The Viceroy agreed to both Sapru and Jayakar seeing Gandhiji, Motilal Nehru and Jawaharlal in jail. The naked brutality and unyielding rigidity of Britain, even to such an elementary change as giving up its salt monopoly, turned the millions of acquiescent Indians into agents of change. Even the people boycott the schools, colleges, and service provided by the British. Thousands of people were jailed.