Power to exclude children: The Government may make rules prohibiting the admission to any specified class of factories, or to specified parts thereof, of children who cannot be lawfully employed therein. In this regard, he can specify the measures which in his opinion should be adopted. It casts various obligations, duties and responsibilities on the occupier of a factory and also on the factory manager. Changes made in Factories Act, 1948in 2016 The Factories Amendment Bill, 2016 The Factories Act 1948was an Act of Parliament passed in the United Kingdom by the Labour government of Clement Attlee. Penalty for contravention of the provisions of sections 41B, 41C and 41H.
Beside this, where the nature of the work carried on in the factory involves production of excessively high temperatures, adequate measures as are necessary shall be taken to protect the workers. As per this section women and children should not be appointed for any part of factory working on cotton pressing. In case of factories employing more than 250 workers, provisions shall be made for cooling drinking water during hot weather by effective means, and for its distribution. The scope of the study was limited to cover the organizations connected with safety and health at the state level. There are also some specified provisions for suitable point for drinking water supply. It was held in this case where the occupier or the manager of the factory admits the guilt under Section 92 of the Act, but alleges the clerk of the Factory to be the actual offender, the onus of establishing the innocence is on such occupier or the manager as the case maybe.
This will help the prospective technical persons to be safety cultured leading to reduction of loss in the industrial economy. Restriction on disclosure of information. Penalties:- The provisions of The Factories Act, 1948, or any rules made under the Act, or any order given in writing under the Act is violated, it is treated as an offence. . Disposal of wastes and effluents Sec. Section 54 of the Act requires that children over the age of 14 years should not be employed after 07 p. Section 22: Work on or near machinery in motion:- Whenever it is necessary to examine any part of machinery, while the machinery is in motion, for the purpose of repair, lubrication or adjusting operation, such examination or operation shall be carried out only by specially trained adult male worker wearing tight fitting clothing and whose name shall be recorded in the prescribed register.
It is practically impossible to cover these factories only by a Medical inspector of factories employed in the Directorate of Factories and Boilers. Section 17: Lighting should be provided in a suitable manner, by natural or artificial methods or by both. Archived from on 16 May 2008. That every factory should make effective arrangements for the treatment of wastes and effluents due to the manufacturing process carried on therein, so as to render them innocuous and for their disposal. To provide arrangements in the factory for ensuring safety and absence of risk to health in connection with the use, handling, storage and transport of articles and substances To provide such information, instruction, training and supervision as are necessary to ensure the health and safety of all workers at work. .
Pathological manifestations due to- b X-rays. Employment of Children and women between 7 p. Sections 40 to 52 applied to and were repealed in 1976 when the was extended to require fire certificates for a wide class of works premises. Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc. When there is no manager — occupier deemed as manager During a period for which no person has been designated as Manager of a factory or during which the person designated does not manage the factory any person found acting as manager, will be the manager for the purposes of the Act. Poisoning by halogens or halogen derivatives of the hydrocarbons of the aliphatic series. It was passed with the intention of safeguarding the health of workers and adopted by India.
. Penalty for using false certificate of fitness. In order to identify these problems, the more elaborate in-depth study is required to be taken up to get comprehensive information on management of occupational safety and health at unit level. Cranes and other lifting machinery: There are specific provisions in the law regarding cranes and other lifting machinery. The State Government has been empowered to lay down the standard of adequate ventilation and reasonable temperature for any factory or class or description of factories or parts thereof.
The Factories Act, 1948, has been promulgated primarily to provide safety measures and to promote the health and welfare of the workers employed in factories. Right of Workers to be warned about imminent danger. The facilities should be clean and conveniently accessible. The Act specifies very clearly the minimum requirements under three heads stated above. In this it is mentioned that factory which deals on manufacturing process should take care of the proper exhaustion of dust, fume and other impurities from its origin point. Section 41-G The occupier shall, in every factory where a hazardous process takes place, or where hazardous substances are used or handled, set up a Safety Committee consisting of equal number of representatives of workers and management to promote co-operation between the workers and the management in maintaining proper safety and health at work and to review periodically the measures taken in that behalf.
Objective of Factories Act ,1948 The main objectives of the Indian Factories Act, 1948are to regulate the working conditions in factories, to regulate health, safety welfare, and annual leave and enact special provision in respect of young persons, women and children who work in the factories. Endosulfan Thiodan -Skin - 0. What are the provisions relating to safety for employees working in factories and the manufacturing process addressed by the Factories Act, 1948? These units are registered with Department of Industries. The basic provisions of the old Act relating to Health, safety, and welfare are extended to all work places irrespective of the number of workers employed, except premises where processes are carried on by the occupier with the sole aid of his family. The State Government are empowered to make rules requiring the association of the workers in the management of arrangements for the welfare of the workers. Computerization of Health data should be made mandatory for all organizations.
Application of Act to Government factories. Effective measures shall be taken to ensure that in every factory all the workers are familiar with the means of escape in case of fire and have been adequately trained in the outline to be followed in such case. The scope of the study was limited to cover the organizations connected with safety and health at the state level. Section 13: This section focuses on ventilation and temperature maintenance at workplace. The chairman and members of the Committee will be persons as specified in the section. Chapter 3 of the Factories Act has general provisions on health and safety at the workplace.
Pyridine 5 15 - - 101. Section 91-A The occupier or manager of the factory or any other person who for the time being purports to be in charge of the factory, undertake safety and occupational health surveys, and such occupier or manager or other person shall afford all facilities for such every, including facilities for the examination and testing of plant and machinery and collection of samples and other data relevant to the survey. . . Section 24: Striking gear and devices for cutting power:- To avoid or atleast to mitigate injury to the persons working at the dangerous machines or prime mover, it is required that the whole process should be provided with suitable striking gear and other mechanical devices to disconnect the power immediately whenever necessary to avoid accident or injury. Occupational or contact dermatitis caused by direct contact with chemicals and paints. The section places statutory obligation on all persons who sell or let on hire or as agent of seller or hire to comply with the section and in default shall be liable to punishment with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 months or with fine which may extend to Rs.