Jem and Scout rushed to greet Atticus and Scout asked Atticus if he brought her home a book and if he knew Aunt Alexandria was there. The following evening, Atticus goes into town, and Jem, Scout, and Dill follow him. He shows himself to be a highly respectful man, and he carefully and deliberately outlines each piece of evidence. He refuses to allow Jem and Scout to come. That night, Alexandra tries to talk Atticus into firing Calpurnia. The light is an unusual addition to the scene: it would not occur outside the jail unless Atticus brought it there.
Aunt Alexandria had the theory that the longer you lived in one place the more dignified you were. Atticus treats both the sheriff and Ewell with respect, and carefully asks questions that poke holes in the Ewells' claims. Alexandria would condemn almost any other type of lifestyle and Jem thought it was funny because he thought that one day she would start a fight or something. Atticus appears to have found his exchange with the young woman distasteful. Clearly, more will soon be revealed. Tate states that on November 21, Mr.
In addition, Lee introduces the black community at a crucial moment in the narrative—just as race relations in Maycomb are thrown into crisis by the trial of Tom Robinson. At the start of Chapter 12, Jem has turned twelve years old, and he continues to grow farther apart from Scout. Everyone in the courtroom notices that Tom's left arm is twelve inches shorter than his right, due to an accident in his youth when the arm got stuck a cotton gin. Jem takes Scout aside and tries to tell her not to antagonize their aunt. Jem is still concerned for Atticus's safety. He sends a letter saying that he has a new father presumably, his mother has remarried and will stay with his family in Meridian.
Mayella doesn't seem to have any friends. One day she notices something odd: a couple of pieces of gum stuck in a hole in the tree. Jem still refuses to leave. Aunt Alexandra believes the Finch name to be a proud one, and she wants Jem and Scout to believe the same. Even her aunt's constant pestering is a sign of her care for Scout, which is much better than the ambivalence that Dill experienced. That night Atticus finally came home from working with the State.
Thus, discrimination is shown to be even more arbitrary and senseless. She is old-fashioned and proper, and often refers to the people of Maycomb in light of their family history. For instance, his prediction that the Ku Klux Klan will never return is mistaken, and even though he doesn't believe anyone will cause trouble at the jail on a Sunday night, the town members prove him wrong. Few people move in, fewer move out, so it's just the same families doing the same things for generation after generation. Clearly moved by the situation, Atticus explains to her that it took an eight-year-old girl to bring them to their senses. Scout tried to figure out what Aunt Alexandria was doing there and asked if she was visiting. The visit to the church brings Calpurnia to center stage in the novel.
Likewise, without people like Atticus going out of their way to help others, the darkness of prejudice could perpetuate itself indefinitely. Scout agrees with this decision and explains her understanding to her father. He is determined to guard the basic human rights of Tom and all others by using his knowledge and experience in law. Scout really can't see outside of her costume, but she hears Jem being pushed away, and she feels powerful arms squeezing her costume's chicken wire against her skin. One dark night, they're on their way back home from the school's Halloween pageant when they hear someone following them.
Calpurnia explains that most people can't read anyway. Underwood was looking out for him until after the mob disperses. Scout's ability to separate Mr. Scout decided to ask Aunt Alexandria if she would miss Uncle Jimmy, her husband. Scout is in the Halloween pageant at school, playing the part of a ham. Scout Finch lives with her brother Jem and their father Atticus in the fictitious town of Maycomb, Alabama. She was an active part of the neighborhood, and she brought with her a sense of the social hierarchy of.
That night, Jem tells Scout not to antagonize Aunt Alexandra, but Scout objects to him telling her what to do. Newcomers arrived rarely, and when a new person married a Maycomb family, the new genes were noticeable. That winter, disaster strikes: house catches on fire and burns to the ground. One of the men tells Atticus that he needs to make his children leave, and he obviously means this as a threat. Ewell is surly and crass in the witness chair, but the judge, who clearly does not respect the man, manages to keep everything orderly.
After all, as we've seen in the novel so far, people are often defined by the attributes of their families. Dolphus Raymond gives Dill Coca-Cola to drink, and Dill feels better. It takes a woman to do that kind of work. Gilmer, the prosecutor, questions Heck Tate. The prosecution's attorney, , asks him about the events surrounding Tom Robinson and Mr. Scout thinks good people are defined by doing the best they can with what they have, but Alexandra seems to believe that the older a family's history, the better the family is.
Scout also finds out that it was Bob Ewell who has made the accusations against Tom Robinson. Jem feels reassured knowing where his father is, but as they are about to head home, four old cars come into town. Did she get beaten up by her father, not Tom Robinson? Alexandra quickly becomes quite popular in Maycomb, thriving in its social life, especially among the women. Scout hates school, gaining her most valuable education on her own street and from her father. Ewell claims that he heard Mayella screaming when he was coming in from the woods with kindling, and that he ran to the house to find Tom Robinson having sexual intercourse with her.