If there be any among us who would wish to dissolve this Union, or to change its republican form, let them stand undisturbed as monuments of the safety with which error of opinion may be tolerated, where reason is left free to combat it. Lincoln wanted equality for all people, including slaves, while Davis wanted the Southern states to enjoy the freedom of owning slaves if they choose. Two days before Christmas the electoral tallies revealed a tie between the two frontrunners, throwing the election into the House of Representatives. Seven Southern states had already seceded, or broken away, from the United States and formed the Confederacy. How did the difference affect your relationship? But if this be denied us, and the integrity and jurisdiction of our territory be assailed, it will but remain for us with a firm resolve to appeal to arms and invoke the blessings of Providence upon a just cause.
Still one thing more, fellow-citizensa wise and frugal Government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. With those, too, not yet rallied to the same point the disposition to do so is gaining strength; facts are piercing through the veil drawn over them, and our doubting brethren will at length see that the mass of their fellow-citizens with whom they can not yet resolve to act as to principles and measures, think as they think and desire what they desire; that our wish as well as theirs is that the public efforts may be directed honestly to the public good, that peace be cultivated, civil and religious liberty unassailed, law and order preserved, equality of rights maintained, and that state of property, equal or unequal, which results to every man from his own industry or that of his father's. They should be the creed of our political faith, the text of civic instruction, the touchstone by which to try the services of those we trust; and should we wander from them in moments of error or of alarm, let us hasten to retrace our steps and to regain the road which alone leads to peace, liberty, and safety. I also suggest that for the protection of our harbors and commerce on the high seas, a navy adapted to those objects be built up. He states that he is both grateful and humbled by the offer of a Presidency. During this course of administration, and in order to disturb it, the artillery of the press has been levelled against us, charged with whatsoever its licentiousness could devise or dare.
The experiment has been tried; you have witnessed the scene; our fellow citizens have looked on, cool and collected; they saw the latent source from which these outrages proceeded; they gathered around their public functionaries, and when the constitution called them to the decision by suffrage, they pronounced their verdict, honorable to those who had served them, and consolatory to the friend of man, who believes he may be intrusted with his own affairs. Can he, then, be trusted with the government of others? Follow the instructions for plotting Google maps on. At home, fellow citizens, you best know whether we have done well or ill. This speech is intended to reach out to everyone, including children. Let us then, with courage and confidence, pursue our own federal and republican principles; our attachment to union and representative government.
The twelfth amendment to the U. Deeply sensible of all that is implied by this manifestation of the people's confidence, I am yet more profoundly impressed by the vast responsibility of the office, and humbly feel my own unworthiness. It is with mingled feelings of humility and pride that I appear to take, in the presence of the people and before high Heaven, the oath prescribed as a qualification for the exalted station to which the unanimous voice of the people has called me. It illustrates the American idea that government rests upon the consent of the governed, and that it is the right of the people to alter or abolish a government whenever it becomes destructive of the ends for which it was established. I have said, fellow-citizens, that the income reserved had enabled us to extend our limits, but that extension may possibly pay for itself before we are called on, and in the meantime may keep down the accruing interest; in all events, it will replace the advances we shall have made.
When the retired President Jefferson left Washington for the last time in March 1809 and arrived in Albemarle County, he received a cordial message from his Albemarle County neighbors. In this they merely asserted a right which the Declaration of Independence of 1776 defined to be inalienable. The tyranny of an unbridled majority, the most odious and least responsible form of despotism, has denied us both the right and the remedy. President Jefferson wanted to speak healing words to the country. The impartial and enlightened verdict of mankind will vindicate the rectitude of our conduct, and He who knows the hearts of men will judge the sincerity with which we have labored to preserve the government of our fathers, in its spirit and in those rights inherent in it, which were solemnly proclaimed at the birth of the States, and which have been affirmed and reaffirmed in the Bills of Rights of the several States.
Jefferson claimed he didn't have the strength or voice to deliver it. Resistance to Republican rule came only in the form of federal appointments, as. These, covering our land with officers and opening our doors to their intrusions, had already begun that process of domiciliary vexation which once entered is scarcely to be restrained from reaching successively every article of property and produce. Upon the first call the men flew to arms, and wifes and mothers send their husbands and sons to battle without a murmur of regret. President Jefferson was known for his wonderful speaking skills. The remaining revenue on the consumption of foreign articles is paid chiefly by those who can afford to add foreign luxuries to domestic comforts, being collected on our seaboard and frontiers only, and incorporated with the transactions of our mercantile citizens, it may be the pleasure and the pride of an American to ask, What farmer, what mechanic, what laborer ever sees a taxgatherer of the United States? Or have we found angels in the forms of kings to govern him? Jefferson Davis believed the union of the United States was formed by loose bonds that could be broken if necessary.
Walter Lowrie and Matthew St. The experiment instituted by our revolutionary fathers, of a voluntary Union of sovereign States for purposes specified in a solemn compact, had been perverted by those who, feeling power and forgetting right, were determined to respect no law but their own will. In the meantime let us cherish them with patient affection, let us do them justice, and more than justice, in all competitions of interest; and we need not doubt that truth, reason, and their own interests will at length prevail, will gather them into the fold of their country, and will complete that entire union of opinion which gives to a nation the blessing of harmony and the benefit of all its strength. That we are to escape them in future is not to be hoped. Relying, then, on the patronage of your good will, I advance with obedience to the work, ready to retire from it whenever you become sensible how much better choice it is in your power to make. The confidence of the most hopeful among us must have been destroyed by the disregard they have recently exhibited for all the time-honored bulwarks of civil and religious liberty. Let history answer this question.
When satisfied of these views, it is not in human nature that they should not approve and support them; in the meantime, let us cherish them with patient affection; let us do them justice, and more than justice, in all competitions of interest; and we need not doubt that truth, reason, and their own interests, will at length prevail, will gather them into the fold of their country, and will complete their entire union of opinion, which gives to a nation the blessing of harmony, and the benefit of all its strength. In contrast, Davis wanted to direct his energies to the new Confederacy with no interest in returning to the North. Perhaps it was these shared political experiences that permitted him and John Adams to revive their friendship after Jefferson left the presidency. Some claimed that Jefferson changed the procedure because of his aversion to public speaking and nearly inaudible speaking voice. Or have we found angels, in the form of kings, to govern him? Nothing could be so bad as failure, and any sacrifice would be cheap as the price of success in such a contest.
He knew that his audience would be far larger than the crowd that would assemble for the first inauguration to be held in the new federal city of Washington. A negative effect the speech may have been that some people may have lost interest because the serious tone that he uses is dull and not very entertaining. Our policy is peace, and the freest trade our necessities will permit. I repair then, fellow citizens, to the post you have assigned me. Four years later his second inauguration mirrored his first in many ways, emphasizing the republican ethos that defined his presidency. And may that infinite power, which rules the destinies of the universe, lead our councils to what is best, and give them a favorable issue for your peace and prosperity. Or have we found angels in the forms of kings to govern him? And let us reflect that, having banished from our land that religious intolerance under which mankind so long bled and suffered, we have yet gained little if we countenance a political intolerance as despotic, as wicked, and capable of as bitter and bloody persecutions.