Their advantage is the ease for both writer and reader, since the information required is minimized and placed right with the quotation or reference. This article was co-authored by. If no fixed page numbers are available, cite a section title or a chapter or other number in the notes, if any or simply omit. In-Text Citation Example Instructor's Last Name Example: Paulson, slide 5 Note: if you know the slide number, include it in your in-text citation. Change the punctuation for in-text footnotes. The Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition text © 2017 by The University of Chicago. Place a period after the closing parentheses mark.
Article in online newspaper, with author Stanley, Bruce. Titles Titles of books, periodicals, art works, reports and Web sites are italicized. New York: Modern Woman, 1996. An untitled book, film, or product review for example, a review covering multiple works : Guha, Martin. Writing About Writing: A College Reader.
After the title of the guide, list the name of the company that published the guide, followed by a period. Use title-case, capitalizing all nouns, pronouns, verbs, and adverbs. . Sample electronic sources Article in online journal Elam, Diane. However, a group author remains the same. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016.
Sample notes show full citations followed by shortened citations for the same sources. Social media content Citations of content shared through social media can usually be limited to the text as in the first example below. The Last Light Breaking: Life among Alaska's Inupiat Eskimos. There are cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. News or magazine article Articles from newspapers or news sites, magazines, blogs, and the like are cited similarly.
Chapter or article in an anthology Toibin, Colm. Since things found online can move around or disappear, the date you accessed it can help a reader find an archived copy if it is later removed. Book One author Caper, Charles and Lawrence T. Journal article In a note, cite specific page numbers. Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher. Works Cited List Example Paulson, Paul. The title is the subject line of the email.
Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not. In rare cases, a bibliography entry may also be appropriate. A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life. If the name is mentioned in text, do not use the parenthetical citation. Close your citation with the date you accessed the guide. Finally, provide the name of the institution that houses the artwork followed by the location of the institution if the location is not listed in the name of the institution, e. Give the necessary citation in parentheses after the final period.
Essays by middle school and high school students should certainly not be deemed reliable. This is done to minimize the length of works cited lists. An Unspoken Hunger Stories from the Field. He received his PhD in English Literature and Medieval Studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 2014. Include the title of the guide in regular font.
Owl and Mouse Educational Software. Put the article title in quotes. Indirect source: If you are giving a quote by one person that you found in work by another person, you need to make clear both the author of the quote and the author of the work. For photographic reproductions of artwork e. Then provide the year the guide was initially published. Most authors choose the system used by others in their field or required by their publisher. Archived from on April 30, 2008.
Directed by Lana Wachowski and Lilly Wachowski, performances by Emile Hirsch, Nicholas Elia, Susan Sarandon, Ariel Winter, and John Goodman, Warner Brothers, 2008. Typical citations are listed in-line with alphabetic-label format, e. If your teacher or instructor has specific requirements, be sure to follow those, as well. Information about the publisher of a book can often be found in the description of the chapter in the database. Provide the title or subject of the lecture in quotation marks. In footnotes, the instructor's name appears in first name-last name format, followed by a comma. Also include the network name, call letters of the station followed by the date of broadcast and city.