More specifically, Expressionism as a distinct style or movement refers to a number of , as well as Austrian, French, and Russian ones, who became active in the years before and remained so throughout much of the interwar period. The artist accomplishes this aim through distortion, exaggeration, , and fantasy and through the vivid, jarring, violent, or application of formal elements. The principal Expressionist poets were Georg Heym, Ernst Stadler, Stramm, , , and of Germany and the Czech poet. Other American artists loosely associated with the neo-expressionism movement include , Louise Bourgeois and Leon Golub. Highly expressive brushstrokes and dominating monochromatic atmosphere is what characterizes his Jump-rope artwork as well, in which we see a female nude in a narrative completely open for interpretation. From its conception years through late 1980s, it spread across the world, leaving the strongest marks on Italy and the United States. Neo-Expressionist paintings themselves, though diverse in appearance, presented certain common traits.
These painters were in revolt against what they saw as the superficial naturalism of academic. With a touch of Surrealism, Elizabeth Murray inserts ghost-like figures within her work, as well as some dog bones and other symbolic elements. Anselm Kiefer draws on German history, Nordic and Greek philosophy, western philosophy, classical music and science. The gleaner - deliberated inverted, to symbolize the upheaval of war and its aftermath - is searching for left-over grain in a barren landscape. May The works of Die Brücke artists stimulated Expressionism in other parts of Europe.
The group included , , and Fritz Bleyl. Neo-Expressionism was controversial both in the quality of its art products and in the highly commercialized aspects of its presentation to the art-buying public. The dominant theme of Expressionist verse was horror over urban life and apocalyptic visions of the collapse of civilization. The artist, who was inspired by many other movements too throughout her career, such as , Minimalism and even Cubism, took on the map of Manhattan to draw strong linings in red over it, it what appears to be a dissection of his many streets and avenues. Neo-Expressionism was a art movement that began in Germany in the early 1980s in reaction to the philosophies of.
Here is a small selected sample of such works. Also, the movement signalled a return to the more conventional format of easel painting. Primitive, naive forms were also popular, outlined in black and filled in with garish, gaudy colours. Neo-Expressionism in Italy In Italy, where it was called Trans-avantgarde, neo-expressionism embraced a wide range of poetical, mythological and grotesque figurative imagery, including realistic and imaginery portraits. They broke away from the literal representation of nature in order to express more subjective outlooks or states of mind. It was the dominant literary movement in Germany during and immediately after World War I. Etching, aquatint on copper plate and silkscreen print, in 5 colours, on Fabriano paper, 78 x 300 cm.
These artists used the expressive possibilities of colour and line to explore dramatic and emotion-laden themes, to convey the qualities of fear, horror, and the grotesque, or simply to celebrate nature with hallucinatory intensity. Birth and development The roots of the German Expressionist school lay in the works of , , and , each of whom in the period 1885—1900 evolved a highly personal style. The Saint Louis Art Museum, bequest of Morton D. Neo-expressionist artists rejected the over-simplicity of modern art. Side of Beef, oil on canvas by Chaim Soutine, c.
Lead, glass, photographs and hair, 120 x 390 x 320 cm. For the neo-expressionist artist, the grist for the creative mill came from diverse sources. Featured image: Leon Golub — Dancing Men, 1993. Further south on the European continent, Italy introduced its own version of the trend, called Trans-Avantgarde, introduced by critic Achille Bonito Oliva as a response to another Italian influential avant-guard, Arte Povera. Neo-Expressionists revitalized painting with strong colours, as well as motifs drawn from Mannerism, Cubism, Fauvism, German Expressionism, Surrealism, and Pop-Art. Born in Germany but raised in Britain due to Nazism, the artist often painted or drew models, and usually the same ones, as he liked to keep up the familiarity. In a broader sense Expressionism is one of the main currents of art in the later 19th and the 20th centuries, and its qualities of highly subjective, personal, spontaneous self-expression are typical of a wide range of modern artists and art movements.
Some poets were pessimistic and contented themselves with satirizing bourgeois values, while others were more concerned with political and social reform and expressed the hope for a coming revolution. Its general style is often marked by vivid colours and contrasts, in the tradition of ; rapid, violent brushwork; distorted subject matter; and a generally spontaneous technique, sometimes incorporating 'found' objects. Other artists were affected by prejudice or by the perception of an ironic side to the American dream. Prone Young Woman with Black Stocking, gouache, watercolour, and pencil on paper by Egon Schiele, 1913. Neo-Expressionism in Germany In Germany, where the style was known as Neue Wilden or New Fauves, the style was intense - not least in its choice of subject - and referenced the 'German Identity', post-Nazism, urban violence, and numerous allusions to primal instincts. Brushwork is typically rapid, seemingly primitive and unfinished, and marked by heavy.
Indian and Woman, oil on canvas by Max Pechstein, 1910; in the Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Exhibited in the , Neo-expressionism was known by a variety of names on both sides of the Atlantic. Passionate about art, frequent visitor of exhibitions, Widewalls photography specialist. Oil, resin and cardboard on cotton drop cloth, 275 x 214 cm. In Italy, led by Sandro Chia and Enzo Cucchi, Neo-expressionism did not appear until the early 1980s; likewise in France, where the Figuration Libre group was founded by Robert Combas as late as 1981.