Outcome of the crusades. What Were the Negative Effects of the Crusades? 2019-01-06

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History Chapter 8, Sect 3 & 5 Flashcards

outcome of the crusades

Above all, they liberalized the minds of the crusaders. It wasn't until the 960's up to 200 years later than the Christians actually reacted to this violence and persecution. Socially speaking the Crusades had an impact upon the stance on military service. And Nūr al-Dīn was not slow to move toward Damascus. In his mercy, offered the warriors of Europe a blessed avenue of , a means by which they could give up all they had to follow him. The levant had been under Arabic rule for some centuries before the crusades.

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World History (Crusades) Flashcards

outcome of the crusades

They tried to lunch another attack in 1221 under the instructions of Pelagius, a legate of the Pope, but this was unsuccessful. They ended up with a strip of land more than 500 miles long in the Mediterranean. These Crusaders were outnumbered by a native population around 5 to 1 — they were allowed to govern themselves for the most part, and they were content with their Christian masters, but they were never actually conquered, merely subdued. As his power as Emperor grew, the Pope became increasingly angry at the Papacy's power decline and excommunicated Frederick, citing as the reason his failure to participate in the Fifth Crusade despite promising to do so. Churches were burnt, church property was seized. Europeans — or at least their descendants, intermarried with the locals, leading further changes. In 1429, Joan of Arc 17 yr old French girl started a campaign in France, she claimed that God had sent her to save france.

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Effects of the Crusades

outcome of the crusades

In 1056 hundreds of Christians were expelled from Jerusalem and European Christians were blocked from the pilgrimage to the city. Such has always been the case with wars in far-off lands because war teaches geography and broadens one's horizons - assuming you live through it, of course. There were changes in the nature of religious observance as well. Although the port cities which Italian merchants hoped to capture and did indeed control for a time were all lost in the end, Italian merchant cities ended up mapping and controlling the Mediterranean, making it effectively a Christian sea for European trade. They even destroyed the Church of the Holy Sepulcher - the traditional site marking were Christ was buried.

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What was the outcome of the crusades

outcome of the crusades

One of the causes was the conquest by the the Turkish tribes, who had become united, of the Arabic world. The most important event was that west met the east and the Europeans gained access to the information that was kept by the Arabs and the Byzantines and that knowledge lead to the birth of Renaissance The Crusades were during the middle ages. The primary cause of the crusades in the middle ages was conflict between the Muslims and Christians over the city of Jerusalem and the Holy shrines of Palestine. . He was crucified on Calvary Hill, also in Jerusalem.

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The Fifth Crusade

outcome of the crusades

Christian armies also slaughtered men, women and children by the hundreds on their way to capture Jerusalem. Muslims would ransack the churches if the pilgrims didn't pay protection money. These impressions from the East would be instrumental in shaping the civilization of the West. The Crusades afforded an opportunity for romantic adventure. Their failure results from a couple factors. After two hundred years of conflict, after a vast expenditure of wealth and human lives, the Holy Land remained in Moslem hands.

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History Chapter 8, Sect 3 & 5 Flashcards

outcome of the crusades

Once Christianity became the state religion of Rome, it adapted to allow for the violence necessary to build and maintain an empire. Effects of the Crusades - Material Development Among the effects of the Holy Wars upon the material development of Europe must be mentioned the spur they gave to commercial enterprise, especially to the trade and commerce of the Italian cities. The Crusades had far-reaching political, economic, and social impacts, some of which have lasted into contemporary times. Several priests including Bernard of Clairvaux called for a fresh crusade to capture back the town from the Muslims. To the Christians, Jerusalem was significant to their religion and in particular, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre represented the place of crucifixion and death of Christ. With the work of fiefs, the lower class of servants under the lords, the manors made enough goods to support themselves. His plan was to use Egypt to invade Jerusalem.

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History Chapter 8, Sect 3 & 5 Flashcards

outcome of the crusades

Social Impact of the Crusades The social repercussions of the Crusades began with the very First Crusade. Converts to Christianity were executed such as the ex-Muslim monk in 789. His declaration prompted Christians all across Europe to attach crosses to their garments to denote that they were Christian knights or crusaders ready to take on the so-called infidels. The Christians are diverted from fighting Muslims to fighting other Christians. Crusaders were the people that joined the Crusades to the Holy Landof the middle ages. The Caliph ordered the tomb be destroyed. Did the Pope actually make the kings of Europe violent? Rather than feeling guilty about murdering people, Crusaders came to expect heavenly rewards for murdering people.

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What was the final outcome of the crusades

outcome of the crusades

Many feudal nobles had to mortgage their lands to moneylenders, merchants, and the church - something which would later come back to haunt them and which served to undermine the feudal system. For example, before the First Crusade left the Rhineland it massacred a number of Jewish c … ommunities there. One of the most important effects of the crusades was on trade. Thousands of barons and knights mortgaged or sold their lands in order to raise money for a crusading expedition. Their vast wealth and property, which naturally inspired pride and contempt for others, made them tempting targets for political leaders who had become impoverished during the wars with their neighbors and the infidels. There were eight crusades in total; the first four are known as the Principal Crusades while the remaining ones were Minor. We can picture something similar as what happened to the situation when the Taliban took over Afghanistan.

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World History (Crusades) Flashcards

outcome of the crusades

These manors were made up of mainly farms and agricultural land including rivers and fields. Muslim scholars had preserved and translated the great works of science and medicine from classical Greece and Rome, combined that with insights from the ancient thinkers of India and China, and went on to invent or improve subjects like algebra and astronomy, and medical innovations such as the hypodermic needle. The Crusaders were a military force sanctionedby the Roman Catholic Church in efforts to oust Muslims from theHoly Land and the Western World Europe. Two other groups formed, both of which harmed the Jews: itinerant preachers and bands of German peasants. The Crusades were sparked by religious fervor in Europe, by exhortations from various Popes, and by the need to rid Europe of excess warriors left over from regional wars. Throughout Europe, entire Jewish communities were destroyed with inhabitants killed in some cases, along with common occurrences of violence even slaughter against the. Though the Westerners berated the Easterners as decadent and soft, it's clear that the Westerners wanted what those Eastern cultures had.

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What Were the Effects of the Crusades?

outcome of the crusades

Frederick hoped that this would lead to the recovering of Jerusalem through diplomacy. In all these ways, the power of the Papacy and the wealth of the Church were vastly augmented. Everyone always had to worry about their neighbors. Whatever his intentions, Urban had not only justified violence, he'd commanded it. Local church leaders certainly didn't mind, and they encouraged locals in the veneration of these relics.

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