The major passes here in Pir Panjal are the pir panjal pass due west of Srinagar, the Banihal pass which lies at the top of the Jhelum River at the southern end of the Kashmir valley, and the sythen pass linking Kashmir with Kishtwar. Valley of the Flowers lies above treeline. Interesting Himalayas Facts: 26-30 26. At mid altitudes we can find sub-tropical forests with broadleaved trees. It is the abode of some of the greatest glaciers of the world outside the polar regions. Also called the , the Lesser Himalayas is a prominent range 2,000 to 3,000 meters 6,600 to 9,800 ft high formed along the Main Boundary Thrust fault zone, with a steep southern face and gentler northern slopes. The Greater Himalayas consistst of a lower Alpine zone up to 4800 m and an upper, snow bound zone usually above 5000 m.
Makalu, Nanga Parbat, Masherbrum also known as K1 , Rakaposhi, Kamet, Gurla Mandhata, Kongur Tagh, Kailash etc. So to get there completely depend on the place reach. Explain one characterstic of each. No significant volcanism or tectonic activity in recent past. Located in Ladakh Debsa Pass It is located in Himachal Pradesh. Nathu La and Jelep La are the important passes in this region.
Here are just a few examples of Himalayan ecology: Montane Grasslands and Shrublands: Western alpine shrubs and meadows can be found between 9,850 and 16,400 ft. Interesting Himalayas Facts: 21-25 21. This is also the primary home for golden langur monkeys. Technically the giant pandas also live in the Himalayas. Its height varies between 900 and 1,100 metres. The grow above the eastern and northeastern subalpine conifer forests, along the Tibetan border with eastern Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, and Arunachal Pradesh.
The range is nearly continuous except for river gorges, where groups of rivers from the north gather like candelabra in a handful of places to break through the range. Himalayan peaks have long been the goal of mountaineers. Highest peak: Mount Everest at 29,029 ft 8,848 m is not only the highest peak in the Himalayas, but the highest peak on the entire planet. Out of 14 heights peaks in this world, Himalayas holds 9. The Himalayas stop the rain-bearing clouds from leaving the country. The range consists of high mountain peaks like Saltoro Kangri, Rimo and Teram Kargri. Ecology and Biogeography in India.
South-flowing rivers form valleys in this region, often semi-arid due to rainshadow effects. The important passes are Rohtang pass, Bara-Lacha, Shipki La. The major hill stations are Mussorie, Nainital, Ranikhet, Almora, and Bageshwar. The steep slopes are mainly predominated by grasses whereas the meadows are dominated by herbaceous species. The region is responsible for providing water to a large part of the and contains various flora and fauna. On the west, the maximum width of the arc is 400 kilometers or 250 miles. The moister occupy the plains of.
Himachal : a The northern most range is known as Lesser or Middle Himalaya or the Himachal. Write to us for licensing this footage on a broadcast format, for use in your production! These are monsoon forests, with drought-deciduous trees that lose their leaves during the dry season. The Dhaula Dhar and the Mahabharat ranges are also prominent ones. So these were some of the major mountain ranges of Himalayas. Rice, vegetables, pulses, and sugar cane are grown here. Gulmerg, Sonmerg, Tanmerg and Bugyal and Payar in Uttaranchal.
Mount Everest at a height of 8848m is the highest peak followed by the Kanchanjunga at 8598 m. The collision between these two massive tectonic plates gave birth to the majestic Himalayan ranges. The Greater Himalayan Range has many mountain passes. It then further extends across kinnaur Kailas to the swargarohini and Bandarpunch ranges in Uttaranchal. The range acts as a water divide between the rivers draining into the Bay of Bengal and those emptying their waters to the Tibetan lakes. Most of the rivers descending from the northern ranges of the Himalayas have carved out wide and steep-sided valleys.
These r also called 'foothills'of Himalayas. They are separated from the main block by Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers. The northernmost range of mountains are the Karakoram Mountains that continue into Pakistan and China. Other notable glaciers located in the Himalayas include the Baltoro, Biafo, Nubra, and Hispur. On the eastern side, the width of the arc is 150 kilometers or 93 miles.