Legislative: Governor is an integral and indispensable part of the State Legislature. When the State Legislature is not in session, the Governor may issue an Ordinance. If it is approved by the State Legislature, it will cease to operate after six weeks of the date of meeting of the State Legislature. For state by state information on the methods of selecting state officials, see Table 4. He is also consulted in case of appointment of Judges of the High Court of the State. Thiru Surjeeth Singh Barnala 1990 - 91.
However, there is no remedy to the Presidential veto over the bills reserved for his assent. In case it is not a money bill, the Governor holds the right to send it back to the Vidhan Sabha for reconsideration. Such powers extend only in respect of cases over which the State Legislature has power to make laws. For state by state data on the joint election of governors and lieutenant governors, see Table 4. The Governor causes the Annual Financial Statement, that is, the Budget is laid before the House or Houses of legislature and is authorised also to place demands for supplementary and additional grant if required in any year. Two important practices regarding the Appointment of a Governor: The first practice is that the person being appointed as the Governor is mostly not a resident of the state for which he is appointed. He can also dissolve the Lower House—the Legislative Assembly—before the expiry of its term.
While appointing the Chief Justice and other judges of the State High Court, the President of India consults the Governor of the Concerned State. Mr Deakin was commissioned by the Governor-General to form a new Government. Money Bills can be introduced in the state legislature only with his prior recommendation. In essence these powers can be divided into three groups—prerogative, legislative and executive. Legislative Oversight Governors interact with their legislatures to help ensure that their priorities, goals, and accomplishments are accurately presented and positively received during oversight hearings and other legislative activities that address and evaluate executive branch implementation of legislatively mandated programs and services. The Governor is the head of a state. Shaw 1971 - 76 7.
Thiru Prabudas Patwari 1977 - 80 9. Lastly, the governor has the powers necessary to execute the duties of the office of the county governor. Article 161 provides that the Governor of a State shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter of which the executive power of the State extends. The Governor inaugurates the state legislature and the first session of each year, by addressing the Assembly, outlining the new administrative policies of the ruling government. An important function of the Governor is to appoint the Chief Minister of the State. It is one of the best Government structure It provide the connection of central to the state. Like the President, the Governor is also a constitutional ruler, a nominal figure.
The 2nd Parliament had been in existence for less than six months. He is responsible for the administration of the welfare schemes of the scheduled castes and other backward class. Governor can advance money out of it for meeting unforeseen expenditures, but the money has to be recuperated with the authority of the state legislature. But, he is not a member in the either house of the legislature. The Constitution, as such, makes the Governor of a state an important factor in the state administration.
It is clear that it is incumbent on the Prime Minister to establish sufficient grounds for the need for dissolution, particularly when the House is not near the end of its three year term. Let us now discuss the powers and functions of the Governor of an Indian State. But, the pardoning power of the Governor differs from the president in following ways. He may appoint a minister for this purpose. It is true that Governor is constitutional ruler and a nominal figure.
Article 162 The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor and other ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. This is an area for argument among constitutional lawyers and political historians and is a matter where the conventions and not the text of the Constitution are the chief guide. The governor also appoints the Secretary of State, as well as members of boards and commissions who oversee the heads of state agencies and departments. All executive actions of the State are taken in the name of the Governor. Article 153 of the Constitution states that there shall be a Governor for each State.
He will them exercise the functions according to the directions issued by the Council of Ministers. The Constitution of Queensland 2001 sets out the circumstances when an Acting Governor or Deputy Governor may perform the functions of the Governor. The granting of dissolution is an executive act, the ministerial responsibility for which can be easily established. For more information on lieutenant governors and other executive branch officials, see the Appointment Power section below. It is open to the Governor to grant a full pardon at any time even during the pendency of the case in the Supreme Court, but the Governor can not exercise his power of suspension of the sentence for the period when the Supreme Court is seized of the case.
It has to be taken in the presence of the Chief Justice of the concerned State High Court. In making reports to the Union the Governor will be justified in exercising his discretion even against the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers. Thiru Vishnuram Methi 1958 - 64 4. When the State Legislature is not in session, the Governor may issue an Ordinance. Alexandar 1988 - 90 12. He should be a person from outside the state. While often pro forma in nature, the confirmation process with respect to executive branch appointments can be used by legislatures to expand their influence on governors and their policies.
He convenes the State Legislature, addresses it in person, and sends messages to it. They also hold office during his pleasure. These are exercised by him without the advice of the State Council of Ministers. No proposals for taxation or expenditure can be made without the approval of the Governor. He exercises this power either directly or through the officers who are subordinate to him.