I did get bogged down a bit in the middle when the emphasis was on life in the trenches, but the constant connection to the arts and philosophy saved it from only being about sand bags filled with rotting corpses. For that matter, where is the United States in Rites of Spring? He is best when dealing with a strand of thought, starting from a journal note or a poem, through the meaning of this to the writer, then switching levels to see how this is indicative of a geist that was shared among many troops and the folks back home. Rites of Spring ends with the suicide of Hitler in the spring of 1945. The spate of official and unofficial histories that issued forth in the twenties was largely ignored by the public. The first time I heard Stravinsky's Rites of Spring I thought, boy, what a rarity. Given what some belived to be the colossal egoism of American culture and its own emphasis on emancipation -- sexual, feminist, political, whatever -- the book is, indeed, food for thought. Eksteins argues convincingly that supporters of the avant-garde went to the premiere expecting a scandal and did everything possible to promote the idea that a scandal had occurred.
Eksteins 2000 uses the 1913 Russian ballet?. Performs this advise a link between modern art and Nazism? She was followed by artists such as Georgia OÕKeeffe, Maynard Dixon,John Marin, Ansel Adams, and Marsden Hartley; novelists like Willa Cather,Aldous Huxley, and D. Filled with thought-provoking ideas, this book filled in many missing pieces of the puzzle for me in my ongoing effort to understand the rise of Nazism and the abominations it produced. An entire scale of values and beliefs had to yield pride of place to society's preoccupation with speed, newness, transience, and inwardness. Further, the cult of Technik had not died with the war. Very good paperback copy; edges somewhat slightly dust-dulled and nicked. If you decide to read this book, seek out an edition paperback or the original hardback that has Nijinsky dancing on the cover.
His coverage of the hysteria that greeted Charles Lindbergh's successful solo crossing of the Atlantic and the reasons for it is equally adept, and his juxtapositions of cultural details are thought-provoking, as when he points out that Poiret gowns, the Boy Scout movement, the Olympics, and Isadora Duncan were all expressions of German Leibeskultur. One informs the other; while the cultural tendencies of the combatants of World War I helped steer their involvement, ultimately the war sprang from a political murder, by a political activist, and engulfed Europe because of political alliances and obligations. Eksteins argues that this change in attitude toward the war carried over into the postwar era and the working out of the memory of the battles. Probably my favorite history book I've ever read. In Modernism, art had ''transcended reason,didacticism, and a moral purpose. Like those who produced ''Le Sacre,'' Germany on the eve of World War I was in revolt against the bourgeois rationalism it saw England and France as representing.
Published by Mariner Books, 2000. And, the author frequently makes sweeping statements that lack documentation. He also rejects the commonplace view of the Germans as backwards, barbaric Huns intent on extinguishing the cultural lights of Europe, and instead presents a more pan-European view of a society both decadent and innocent. It is the religion which precedes the god-concept, andis therefore greater and deeper than any god-religion. America and the Great War Numerous, alliances, which are agreements made between several nations to assist each other in times of need were signed by various nations from 1879 to 1914. The urge to create and the urge to destroy had changed places. Ó AmericaÕs own prospects seemed bleak given thepolitical conditions of 1919—1920, those red years of riots, strikes,race wars, and terrorism.
So eventually that will be the case. Usually the Great War is seen as the last gasp of old Europe and the sentimental Victorian age, and modernist angst was ushered in by the psychological impact of the bloodbath. Historians have failed to find explanations to the war that correspond to the horrendous realities, to the actual experience of the war. As part of the submarine warfare launched by Germany, when submarine blockade was announced by it, the already volatile American domestic situation favoring war grew to its peak Carlisle, 2007, p. Nazism was a grand spectacle, from beginning to end. Despite their outward appearance as a unified force, Nazi high officials were greatly factitious, which is not to speak of their own failure to measure up to the image of an ideal, blonde-haired, blue-eyed German. Modris Eksteins offers his view in Rites of Spring, where he uses the Russian ballet of the same name as a metaphor for the changing society during the World War I era.
International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society. Ó 46 In 1925, The Dial published LawrenceÕs story ÒThe Woman Who Rode Away,Ó about a white woman whotransfers her loyalties to the Indians of the Mexican mountains, although sheknows that the decision will cost her life. In 1915, Wallace StevensÕ Modernist poem ÒSunday MorningÓrejected any religion based on the cold abstractions of Christianity, andimagined instead pagan rituals founded in blood and ecstasy: Supple and turbulent, a ring of men Shall chantin orgy on a summer morn Theirboisterous devotion to the sun É. The use of film experts, the timed speeches, and the perfection of the blitzkrieg contradicted German introversion. So one contemplates the appalling photographs and incineration ovens as memorials of a technical efficiency whose culmination in this place was the aestheticization of death. His aesthetic style, fleeting comparisons and iconoclastic conclusions not only mimic the modes of his subjects, but serve to engage the interest his audience in a manner paralleled only by authors of fiction. It's difficult to argue that abstract concepts do indeed determine history but much easier to argue the opposite.
The war involved Italy, Britain, France and Russia who fought against Austria-Hungary, Germany, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Try instead listening Stravinsky and reading Eksteins' Rites of Spring. Or to take another example, many of his best potential examples wouldactually come from Spain or Italy. Eksteins does well when his analysis sticks to people or to crowds. A later paperback edition does not include the photographs that Eksteins selected to underscore powerful points made in the text. It makes grandiose claims that it only backs by - oh wait, by nothing at all. It would be here that La Sacre du Printemps, with all its symbolism for modernity and the 20th century, would first be shown.
Gradually, Americans realized that such a pagandream-world still existed very close to home: they had a comparable ÒAfrica,Ó aliving pagan society, on their own territory. It's neither Bach nor Mozart. The book is extremely well written, with photographs, abundant footnotes, and good index. I am a fan of very good prose, thick description, and serious research in primary sources. If you're a poet who loves history you may find yourself mulling over Ecksteins the way you hum an irrepressible tune. It was not the substance—there was no substance to the frantic neurotic tirades—that allowed the party to survive and later to grow.
Over all, this is a great read. There are a lot of other bits I am tempted to quote, but they are bits from other sources that Eksteins used in his well-documented research. For no war before or since has so overwhelmingly bombarded the senses of its participants. To put it simply: England and her allies represented the old ways, while Germany and her allies represented new ways. Eksteins views Germany as being the most modern nation in Europe, despite the outcome of the war, and sees its characteristics… 1269 Words 6 Pages Pina Bausch 's version of Le Sacre du Printemps or The Rite of Spring has reputation as one of the best versions ever done.
Nazism, like kitsch, masqueraded as life; the reality of both was death. Ó Margaret MeadÕsimaginative celebration of primitive simplicity, Coming of Age in Samoa , appeared in 1928. While studying law, Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov, a Russian composer and the most influential member of the composer group known as The Five. Your library may have this book. Absolutely no one interested in the meaning of the twentieth century, and especially no one interested in the Great War should skip it. This tendency,he claims, helped give rise to Fascism and Nazism. World War Two at least seemed to make sense for the participants.