We salute the venerable images. Moreover, with these we anathematize the fables of Origen, Evagrius, and 550 Didymus, in accordance with the decision of the Fifth Council held at Constantinople. To those who dare to attack and the venerable images and call them ,! On the basis of that precedent, the council recognized Alexandria's ancient jurisdiction over a few provinces in the Diocese of Oriens, a diocese that was otherwise administered from Antioch. Therefore God gave them a sign through the image, to draw them to our. We have heard by the very voice of the Lord that, No man can serve two masters, for either he will the one and the other, or else he will hold to the one and despise the other.
Another result of the council was an agreement on when to celebrate Easter, the most important feast of the ecclesiastical calendar, decreed in an epistle to the in which is simply stated: We also send you the good news of the settlement concerning the holy pasch, namely that in answer to your prayers this question also has been resolved. Many years to the Emperors, etc. Those in opposition to Arius believed that to follow the Arian view destroyed the unity of the , and made the Son unequal to the Father. Theodore the most of , said: If the Gregory, vigilant in divine cogitation, was moved to tears at the sight of the story of , how much more shall a painting of the of our , who for us was made man, move the beholders to their profit and to tears? And such as were defiled by it, not only detested the pictured images, but also set at naught all decorum, being exceedingly mad against those who lived gravely and religiously; so that in them was fulfilled that which is written, The service of God is abominable to the sinner. For, things that mutually illustrate one another undoubtedly possess one another's message.
Canon 4 That Bishops are to abstain from all receiving of gifts. To this their request, we gave our hearty consent; for, to speak the , it is by the good will and under the direction of our God that we have assembled you together. Pope Hadrian I wrote no letter in reply, yet the defence he made of the council in 794 against Charlemagne shows that he accepted what the council had decreed, and that he had sent no acknowledgement because the concessions which he had requested to Constantine and Irene had not been granted to him, especially concerning the restoration of the papacy's patrimony to the state at which it had been prior to 731. With the exception of these and the Roman , all the members of the Council were subjects of the. The council had been convened by Empress Irene in order to discuss the use of icons, a practice which had been condemned by the Council of Hieria in 754. For the apostle says: The unjust will not inherit the kingdom of God; and, It is not children who should heap up treasures for their parents, but parents for their children.
And the bishop or monastic superior who acts thus should be expelled, the bishop from the episcopal house and the monastic superior from the monastery, because they wickedly waste what they have not gathered. A also can make a. The Divine Sacra Sent by the Emperors Constantine and Irene to the Most Holy and Most Blessed Hadrian, Pope of Old Rome. It is this Lord and Saviour whom the must also invoke in order to pronounce subsequently an equitable judgment in a just and impartial manner. Accordingly upon the heels of the of the traducers of the , there followed close other ungodliness.
Canon 12 That a Bishop or Hegumenos ought not to alienate any part of the suburban estate of the church. In the summer of 325, the bishops of all provinces were summoned to , a place reasonably accessible to many delegates, particularly those of , Georgia, Armenia, Syria, , Egypt, Greece, and. It is not permitted to a metropolitan to demand any of those things which the bring with them, whether it be a horse or any other gift. If someone possesses adequate resources, however, his plans should be brought to completion. And if they have resorted to dishonest craft, so that the ruler has bought the land from the husbandman or , such transaction shall likewise be null, and the land shall be restored to the bishoprick or. The Synod said: We follow, we receive, we admit them. No explicit historical record of their dissent actually exists; the signatures of these bishops are simply absent from the Creed.
All this we ordain, believing that we speak as does the Apostle, for we also that we have the spirit of ; and as our predecessors who the same thing spoke what they had synodically defined, so we and therefore do we speak, and set forth a definition of what has seemed to us following and in accordance with the definitions of our Fathers. This was the beginning of the practice of using secular power to establish doctrinal orthodoxy within Christianity, an example followed by all later Christian emperors, which led to a circle of Christian violence, and of Christian resistance couched in terms of martyrdom. Likewise also I venerate and and salute the of the Saints as of those who fought for Christ and who have received from him for the healing of diseases and the curing of sicknesses and the casting out of devils, as the Church has received from the Apostles and Fathers even down to us today. This geographic issue related to Canon 6 was highlighted by Protestant writer, Timothy F. Anathema to those who say that have recourse to the images as to gods. Therefore we decree, that every one who is raised to the rank of the shall the psalter by heart, so that from it he may admonish and instruct all the who are subject to him.
When, however, they had reached on their way back to , they were recalled by the Empress Irene. Constantine assisted in assembling the council by arranging that travel expenses to and from the bishops' , as well as lodging at Nicaea, be covered out of public funds. The Holy Synod said: Glory to God which makes one that which was severed. That they did not all immediately do so is revealed by the existence of sermons, canons, and tracts written against the protopaschite practice in the later 4th century. So we sing the triumphal of the , Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Sion; Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem. The celebrates the 318 Fathers of the Holy Council of Nicaea on 1 September.
Through it a precedent was set for subsequent general councils to adopt and. Indeed, the honour paid to an image traverses it, reaching the model, and he who venerates the image, venerates the person represented in that image. Ancient Epitome: Whoever wishes to build a , if he has the wherewithal to finish it, let him begin the work, and let him bring it to a conclusion. Just as those heretics removed the sight of venerable icons from the church, they also abandoned other customs, which should now be renewed and which should be in vigour in virtue of both written and unwritten legislation. A Syriac manuscript lists the names of the eastern bishops which included twenty two from Coele-Syria, nineteen from Palestine, ten from Phoenicia, six from Arabia, etc.