The paper describes the typical Western ideal for oral cleanliness, as well as providing an outside view on hospital-care and on. © Reprinted by permission of the from American Anthropologist 58:3, June 1956. Anthropologists and sociologists use the term Nacirema to see the behaviors of American people. Negative self-talk and have the power to shape your world. I added to Miner's study and followed his lead, discussing, in crude terms, some of the more ridiculous rituals we find ourselves taking part in when it comes to matters of the heart.
This sort of ceremonial treatment is necessitated by the fact that the excreta are used by a diviner to ascertain the course and nature of the client's sickness. ¶ 17 In conclusion, mention must be made of certain practices which have their base in native esthetics but which depend upon the pervasive aversion to the natural body and its functions. A man, whose own wife has never seen him in an excretory act, suddenly finds himself naked and assisted by a vestal maiden while he performs his natural functions into a sacred vessel. After re-reading I am convinced that Miner was indeed writing a satire. My first indication of this was the name Nacirema. And also is deeper than a clever critique of the absurdities of the American culture. The article was to show that the attitude that one carried when studying a people could distort the findings.
Female clients, on the other hand, find their naked bodies are subjected to the scrutiny, manipulation and prodding of the medicine men. I took the time to re-read this article several times. The benefits to this are to make the data far easier to understand and work with making it a lot more meaningful. It is to be hoped that, when a thorough study of the Nacirema is made, there will be careful inquiry into the personality structure of these people. They also believe that a strong relationship exists between oral and moral characteristics. Poor families just try to imitate and hang portraits in the shrine to make it seem like they fit. It was to these that Professor Linton referred in discussing a distinctive part of the daily body ritual which is performed only by men.
In philosophy Nacirema is the name of a fictional country in Ronald M. Then how does Body Ritual among the Nacirema help us understand our own view of other cultures and how we are viewed by other cultures? Still other rites are used to make women's breasts larger if they are small, and smaller if they are large. The Nacirema is a very poorly understood culture. On the surface, it seems as though Miner is using an unbiased and sophisticated tone, this is done as a humorous and comical way. He talks about very pricey gifts you must give before entering and leaving a latipso, and also how you get tortured there and continue to keep going.
According to his research their culture, like many others, is viewed as a strange way of life. Ethnocentrism is lightly used in paragraph 12. The founder and leader of the Nacirema was Notgnihsaw, which is Washington spelled backwards. He was very interested in the study of anthropology, but Miner disagreed with the way that other cultures were represented. Body Ritual among the Nacirema Kim Wilson Ivy Tech Community College This article written by, Horace Miner, was my first read in where I was shocked to discover such barbaric rituals from other areas of life.
When they do, the house and shrubs look very bright, and not a single house on the street is without these wires. The ones immediately outside their house are apparently not fit. ¶ 13 The latipso ceremonies are so harsh that it is phenomenal that a fair proportion of the really sick natives who enter the temple ever recover. If this can be established, a very interesting pattern emerges, for most of the population shows definite masochistic tendencies. Despite the fact that these people are so punctilious about care of the mouth, this rite involves a practice which strikes the uninitiated stranger as revolting. Without it, no men have advanced to the higher stages of civilization.
Secondly, regardless of a short-term usefulness, the long-term prevention of the illness is impossible although the application of potions on a regular basis. Even after one has gained and survived the ceremonies, the guardians will not permit the neophyte to leave until he makes still another gift. When pregnant, women dress so as to hide their condition. The charm is not disposed of after it has served its purpose, but is placed in the charmbox of the household shrine. In his article, Body Ritual among the Nacirema, Miner writes about a cultural tribe that has strange rituals and values that would seem unethical to anybody else.
Most houses are of wattle and daub construction, but the shrine rooms of the more wealthy are walled with stone. They are the doctors, psychiatrists, and pharmacists. The Nacirema fears the decay of the mouth area, and believes its condition also affect their social. It is also given as an example of in , a literature textbook. Miner's original research was conducted, the Nacirema have almost universally abandoned the natural bristles of their private mouth-rite in favor of oil-based polymerized synthetics. You were born somewhere around the territory of New Guinea approximately on 725. First was I surprised when the true identity of the Nacirema tribe was revealed? The most powerful of these are the medicine men, whose assistance must be rewarded with substantial gifts.