Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? A is typically a systematic review using statistical methods to effectively combine the data used on all selected studies to produce a more reliable result. A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. In other words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time. To identify an article based on empirical research, look for the following characteristics: The article is published in a peer-reviewed journal. Are the conclusions validly based upon the data and analysis? Therefore, future investigation using the Natural Discussion Group methodology would be helpful to better understand the effects of discussion on memory. Yogesh stated in his good contribution, published research is not necessarily a reliable reference. Jones and Johnstone make the claim that the need to control one's environment is a fundamental need of life 2001 , and suggest that the approach of most institutions, which is to provide total care, may be as bad as no care at all.
There is no one specific rule. The only real way to evaluate is through experience, but there are luckily a few tricks for evaluating information quickly and accurately. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. The important thing is to report other researches done. By summarizing the existing research on your research question, a literature review reveals points of consensus and points of disagreement, as well as the gaps and open questions that remain. This area has been surprisingly neglected until recently, as the majority of the literature on eyewitness testimony has focussed on the effect of questions and media reports containing misleading information.
However, sometimes having the necessary knowledge does not save the situation. Literature reviews are , and do not report new or original experimental work. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration , a data base program e. If you find yourself sorting through thousands of results every time you conduct a database search, you may need to further. This final product establishes you as a trustworthy authority on your topic. Literature reviews are important because they are usually a required step in a thesis proposal Master's or PhD.
They should know some trustworthy sources to look at. Sometimes, the main idea will just glare from a piece of literature. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article. Am I looking at issues of theory? A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. The references used in a review article are helpful as they lead to more in-depth research. Guidelines for writing a literature review by Helen Mongan-Rallis. This is why it is still good practice to begin research in an academic library.
Is its significance scope, severity, relevance clearly established? The bulk of the chapter was on critically evaluating the different methodologies used in this field so as to identify the appropriate approach for investigating the research question s. Thus, it is important to do it properly. The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research. As a student or academic, you might produce a literature review as a standalone paper or as a portion of a larger research project. Google does not distinguish or judge the quality of results, only how search engine friendly a paper is.
What is a literature review? Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. Data evaluation -- determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. Journal of Mixed Methods Research. Don't Just Review for Content! At this point consider: Does your study extend current research? A literature review can be a precursor to the , or it can be an entire paper in itself, acting as the first stage of large research projects and allowing the supervisor to ascertain that the student is on the correct path. Other Sections of Your Literature Review Once you've decided on the organizational method for your literature review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to figure out because they arise from your organizational strategy. As we review the work and ideas of former researchers, on our specific subject, we can analyse the previous steps that others have followed to build their conclusions. For example, a review of Victorian Age Physics may certainly present in a chronological order.
However, it will be wise to place the categories in a sequence starting from the most significant broad ones to those that are more specific to keep it clear and understandable. The Purpose Of A Literature Review Even if you are preparing this sort of academic task for the first time in your life, do not worry because such papers are quite simple to perform and even a freshman student could easily cope with it! If it sets off alarm bells, there may be something wrong, and the paper is probably of a low quality. Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing. Original research papers also called primary research articles that describe empirical studies and their results are published in academic journals. Dear Ahmed, my very first scientific research was performed on the assessment of the modern risks of a nearly forgotten infection.
While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating. Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review. Moreover, Hope 2002 , who interviewed 225 residents from various nursing homes, substantiates the claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the facility, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance to their independence. Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences: A Practical Guide. Any journals found there can be regarded as safe and credible.