It was called a French victory because the Germans did not achieve the breakthrough they had intended to make. We should urge our Prime Minister to invite the German Chancellor to the Vimy Memorial for a joint commemoration. At February 1917, Arthur Currie was given the duty of taking Vimy Ridge. Before the battle, Canada was a country of separate nationalities and it was unimportant that the people felt they were Canadian Masse. Nevertheless, to honour the occasion, I created a massive resource post full of information, resources, pictures, videos, art, for all those interested in the battle and the legacy of Vimy Ridge.
Commemorations will also take place across Canada to mark the anniversary. Millions of soldiers on both sides had been killed and wounded in battles that brought the war no closer to an end. For Canadians, The battle of Vimy Ridge became a coming-of-age for Canada as an independent nation, and is often identified as one of the first examples of Canada throwing off its image as merely a Colonial possession of Great Britain. The corps had dug 11 underground tunnel-ways to aid in the movement and protection of the troops. The Germans were never able to recapture it.
As a result, only minutes into the assault on 9 April, the leading waves of the 4th Division came under withering fire and were cut to pieces. Fought from April 9 to 12, 1917, it consisted of an offensive by the Canadian Corps with significant support by the British 5th Infantry Division and supplementing British artillery and engineers against element … s of the German Sixth Army. He was killed by an enemy sniper on 18 August 1918, during the. During Vimy ridge Canadians had a lot of firsts. They constructed deep defensive positions throughout the ridge, including bunkers, secret passages, caves and artillery-proof trenches. The ridge, running almost 12 kilometers north-east of Arras, was occupied by the Germans in the year of 1914.
Then, in the pre-dawn darkness of 9 April, Easter Monday, 15,000 Canadians, the first wave of the assault, gathered at their assembly points in the underground subways, or in selected shell holes, or trenches above ground. Geman Sixth Army commander General Ludwig von Falkenhausen. Julian Byng had learned the lessons of the previous year and understood how important artillery would be. Indirect Machine-Gun Fire : Up to Vimy, machine-guns were primarily a defensive weapon. A growing appreciation of the was also key. German forces had been entrenched on the heights of the ridge since nearly the beginning of the war in 1914, despite several attempts to dislodge them.
The bloody assault saw 3,598 Canadians killed and a further 7,004 injured. Each subway was equipped with electric lighting, water supplies, first aid stations and dug-out chambers for battalion headquarters staff. At a cost of 10,000 casualties, the Canadians went over the top at dawn and held most of the ridge by the afternoon. Unlike many of their counter-parts in the High-Command, these men learned from past mistakes. The plan was for the troops to follow a massive barrage of artillery fire on the German position.
The victory was one of the only major advances on the Western Front for either side. It was Brigadier-General Alexander E. As for the British troops, the further one moved south from Vimy Ridge, the more depth of British penetration diminished. The first battles at the ridge took place between the Germans, who controlled the ridge, and the British and French. The objective of the Canadian Corps was to take control of the German high ground along an escarpment at the northernmost end of the Arras Offensive. The Canadians had rehearsed tirelessly before the battle.
Aerial photos were taken of the ridge for the Canadians to carefully study. Before the battle, the people of Canada were essentially British subjects Masse. For the Canadians the battle would prove to be politically, nationally, and emotionally significant during World War 1. Vimy Ridge definitely changed Canada for the better at the time and for today. This battle changed Canada for the better. A solemn Prime Minister Stephen Harper broke the news to veterans gathered in France for commemoration of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, which began on Easter Monday 90 years ago. This battle also allowed the Canadian army to become more competitive and allowed them to fight as Canadians whereas before this battle, they were known as Canadians fighting for the British.
These advantages sparked the attention of both the French and the British. Should officers be killed, the attack could continue as planned. To the north and east of the ridge are the Douai plain and the important coal mining city of Lens — in 1917 both were occupied by Germany. There were countless acts of sacrifice, as Canadians single-handedly charged machine-gun nests or forced the surrender of Germans in protective dugouts. During the attack, the lighter weight Vickers guns would be set up along with the Canadian advances providing both cover and a true offensive power designed to keep the German troops from attempting their usual defence. The Canadians developed a system of placing specialists in machine-guns, bombs grenades and rifle specialists within a single platoon. By following the artillery, Canadians gained the element of surprise and took the ridge.
The capture of Vimy Ridge gave the triple entente a big advantage in morale and strategy. Artillery Preparations : The Canadians set up a massive strike capability with their field artillery. Currie had been a leader in the Canadian forces at St. The Canadian Encyclopedia, 16 January 2019, Historica Canada. Essentially, the entire Canadian Army that was on the at that time all went into action together. Vimy Ridge itself was principally defended by the ad hoc Gruppe Vimy, formation based under I Bavarian Corps commander General der Infanterie Karl ritter von Fasbender. On the morning of Easter Monday on the 9th of April of the year of 1917, the Canadians, who had composed a four division attack, they began following a British artillery barrage which was supported by a well hidden creeping barrage.
But the legend of Vimy grew as time went on. As their troops began the advance, the Canadian shells were fired another 100 or so feet forward enabling the troops to creep ahead but remain behind the raised smoke and dust. Sir Julian Byng of the British Army. Even though it did not change the course of the war, it stands out as a highlight in the failed Battle of Arras. Planes flew scouting missions and cl … early plotted out the positions of the German guns. New artillery tactics allowed the gunners to first target, then destroy enemy positions.